c (1): any of a genus (Bison) of bovids; especially: a large shaggy-maned North American bovid (B. bison) that has short horns and heavy forequarters with a large muscular hump and that was formerly abundant on the central and western plains — compare wisent(2): the flesh of the buffalo used as food
: any of several suckers (genus Ictiobus) found mostly in the Mississippi valley —called also buffalo fish
Cape, or African, buffalo (Syncerus caffer).—Mark BoultonThe National Audubon Society Collection/Photo Researchers
Any member of several bovid species, including the massive water buffalo and Cape buffalo. The name is often applied to the American bison. The anoa (Anoa depressicornis) is a tiny, dark-brown buffalo of the dense, mature forests of Sulawesi. A shy animal, it stands 2.5–3 ft (0.75–1 m) at the shoulder and has straight, sharp-tipped horns. It is hunted for food, hides, and horns. A slightly larger species, the tamarau (A. mindorensis), inhabits the Philippine island of Mindoro. Exceedingly shy and wild, its numbers have been greatly reduced.