noun \ˈbī-sən, -zən\

: a large, hairy wild animal that has a big head and short horns

plural bison

Full Definition of BISON

:  any of several large shaggy-maned usually gregarious recent or extinct bovine mammals (genus Bison) having a large head with short horns and heavy forequarters surmounted by a large fleshy hump: as
a :  wisent
b :  buffalo 1c(1)
bi·son·tine \-sən-ˌtīn, -zən-\ adjective

Origin of BISON

Latin bisont-, bison, of Germanic origin; akin to Old High German wisant aurochs; akin to Old Prussian wissambrs aurochs
First Known Use: circa 1611

Other Mammals Terms

dormouse, dugong, gibbon, grimalkin, sable, stoat, ungulate, vole

Rhymes with BISON


noun    (Concise Encyclopedia)

American bison, or plains buffalo (Bison bison).—Alan G. Nelson/Root Resources

Either species (genus Bison) of oxlike bovid with a convex forehead and a pronounced shoulder hump. Its dark brown, coarse hair is especially long on the head, which is held low, and on the neck and shoulders. Both sexes bear heavy, curved horns. A mature bull stands about 6.5 ft (2 m) at the shoulder and weighs more than 1,980 lb (900 kg). Bison live in herds. The American bison (B. bison), commonly called buffalo, was abundant over most of North America when Europeans arrived. Uncontrolled hunting drove it nearly to extinction by 1900, but it has since recovered. The European bison (B. bonasus) is similar and survives only in a few managed herds.


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