affect


1af·fect

noun \ˈa-ˌfekt\

Definition of AFFECT

1
obsolete :  feeling, affection
2
:  the conscious subjective aspect of an emotion considered apart from bodily changes; also :  a set of observable manifestations of a subjectively experienced emotion <patients … showed perfectly normal reactions and affects — Oliver Sacks>
See Usage Discussion at effect

Examples of AFFECT

  1. There's a good plot and good writing here, but Mallory's gender neutrality, conspicuous in her lack of affect, makes her seem like a comic-book character. —Cynthia Crossen, Wall Street Journal, 5 Oct. 1994

Origin of AFFECT

Middle English, from Anglo-French, from Latin affectus, from afficere (see 2affect)
First Known Use: 14th century

Other Psychology Terms

fetish, hypochondria, intelligence, mania, narcissism, neurosis, pathological, psychosis, schadenfreude, subliminal

2af·fect

verb \ə-ˈfekt, a-\

Definition of AFFECT

transitive verb
1
archaic :  to aim at
2
a archaic :  to have affection for
b :  to be given to :  fancy <affect flashy clothes>
3
:  to make a display of liking or using :  cultivate <affect a worldly manner>
4
:  to put on a pretense of :  feign <affect indifference, though deeply hurt>
5
:  to tend toward <drops of water affect roundness>
6
:  frequent
intransitive verb
obsolete :  incline 2
See Usage Discussion at effect

Examples of AFFECT

  1. She pauses and affects the more dramatic tone of a veteran actress. —Chris Mundy, Rolling Stone, 15 June 1995

Origin of AFFECT

Middle English, from Middle French & Latin; Middle French affecter, from Latin affectare, frequentative of afficere to influence, from ad- + facere to do — more at do
First Known Use: 15th century

3af·fect

transitive verb \ə-ˈfekt, a-\

Definition of AFFECT

:  to produce an effect upon: as
a :  to produce a material influence upon or alteration in <paralysis affected his limbs>
b :  to act upon (as a person or a person's mind or feelings) so as to produce a response :  influence
See Usage Discussion at effect
af·fect·abil·i·ty \-ˌfek-tə-ˈbi-lə-tē\ noun
af·fect·able \-ˈfek-tə-bəl\ adjective

Examples of AFFECT

  1. As strange as this sounds, the negative karma probably affected the actual games, the way a gambler who constantly dwells on his bad luck can derail an entire blackjack table. —Bill Simmons, ESPN, 24 June 2002

Origin of AFFECT

Middle English, from affectus, past participle of afficere (see 2affect)
First Known Use: 15th century

Synonym Discussion of AFFECT

affect, influence, touch, impress, strike, sway mean to produce or have an effect upon. affect implies the action of a stimulus that can produce a response or reaction <the sight affected her to tears>. influence implies a force that brings about a change (as in nature or behavior) <our beliefs are influenced by our upbringing>. touch may carry a vivid suggestion of close contact and may connote stirring, arousing, or harming <plants touched by frost> <his emotions were touched by her distress>. impress stresses the depth and persistence of the effect <only one of the plans impressed him>. strike, similar to but weaker than impress, may convey the notion of sudden sharp perception or appreciation <struck by the solemnity of the occasion>. sway implies the acting of influences that are not resisted or are irresistible, with resulting change in character or course of action <politicians who are swayed by popular opinion>.

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