adrenal gland


adrenal gland

noun

Definition of ADRENAL GLAND

:  either of a pair of complex endocrine organs near the anterior medial border of the kidney consisting of a mesodermal cortex that produces glucocorticoid, mineralocorticoid, and androgenic hormones and an ectodermal medulla that produces epinephrine and norepinephrine —called also adrenal, suprarenal gland

First Known Use of ADRENAL GLAND

1875

adrenal gland

noun    (Medical Dictionary)

Medical Definition of ADRENAL GLAND

: either of a pair of complex endocrine organs near the anterior medial border of the kidney consisting of a mesodermal cortex that produces glucocorticoid, mineralocorticoid, and androgenic hormones and an ectodermal medulla that produces epinephrine and norepinephrine—called also adrenal, suprarenal gland

adrenal gland

noun    (Concise Encyclopedia)

Either of two small triangular endocrine glands located on top of the kidneys. In humans, each gland weighs about 0.18 oz (5 g) and consists of an inner medulla, which produces the catecholamine hormones epinephrine and norepinephrine, and an outer cortex (about 90% of the gland), which secretes the steroid hormones aldosterone, cortisol, and androgens (the last two in response to ACTH from the pituitary gland). Diseases of the adrenal glands include pheochromocytoma (a tumour of the medulla) and the cortical disorders Addison disease, adrenal hypertrophy, Cushing syndrome, and primary aldosteronism.

Variants of ADRENAL GLAND

adrenal gland or suprarenal gland

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