Dixieland


Dix·ie·land

noun \-ˌland\

: a type of traditional American jazz music that was popular in the 1920s

Full Definition of DIXIELAND

:  jazz music in duple time usually played by a small band and characterized by ensemble and solo improvisation

Origin of DIXIELAND

probably from the Original Dixieland Jazz Band
First Known Use: 1927

Dixieland

noun    (Concise Encyclopedia)

Jazz played by a small ensemble featuring collective and solo improvisation. The term is often ascribed especially to the New Orleans pioneers of jazz, although many critics of popular music believe the term better describes the music of a later wave of white Chicago musicians including Jimmy McPartland, Bud Freeman, and Frank Teschemacher. The earliest jazz ensembles grew out of the ragtime and brass bands of New Orleans, incorporating elements of the blues. In early jazz ensembles, such as those led by King Oliver and Jelly Roll Morton, the trumpet or cornet plays the melody, with clarinet and trombone providing accompaniment. The tension created by soloists contrasts with the release of ensemble refrains. It is played with a distinctive two-beat rhythm, resulting in a joyous cacophony at fast tempos or slow, mournful dirges. Dixieland groups usually include banjo, tuba, and drums.

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