Quantcast
Merriam-Webster Logo
  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
  • Medical
  • Scrabble
  • Spanish Central
  • Learner's Dictionary

Thesaurus

involuntary

adjective

Synonyms and Antonyms of involuntary

  1. 1 not made or done willingly or by choice <my long stays on the sidelines during our football games were strictly involuntary> Synonyms coerced, forced, unintended, unintentional, unwilling, will-less Related Words accidental, unplanned, unpremeditated; automatic, impulsive, instinctive, spontaneous, unprompted; inadvertent, unconscious, unknowing, unwitting Near Antonyms advised, conscious, considered, knowing, planned, premeditated, premeditative, prepense, purposeful; volitional; self-imposed, self-inflicted Antonyms deliberate, freewill, intentional, uncoerced, unforced, voluntary, willful (or wilful), willing

  2. 2 done instantly and without conscious thought or decision <breathing is involuntary> Synonyms instinctive, instinctual, automatic, knee-jerk, mechanic, mechanical, robotic, spontaneousRelated Words conditioned, natural, Pavlovian, reactive, reflex, simple, subliminal, unconscious, unforced, visceral; blind, inadvertent, unintended, unintentional, unwilling, unwitting; abrupt, quick, ready, sudden; ad-lib, extemporaneous, extempore, impromptu, improvised, offhand, offhanded, off-the-cuff, snap, spur-of-the-moment, unconsidered, unplanned, unpremeditated, unprepared, unprompted, unreasoned, unrehearsed, unstudied; casual, chance, chancy, haphazard, hasty, hit-or-miss, impetuous, impulsive, mindless, random, rashNear Antonyms calculated, conscious, cultivated, deliberate, designed, intended, intentional, predetermined, prepared, projected, refined, rehearsed, volitional, voluntary, willed, willful (or wilful); advised, aforethought, careful, considered, foresighted, forethoughtful, measured, meticulous, reasoned, studied, thoughtfulAntonyms nonmechanical

  3. 3 forcing one's compliance or participation by or as if by law <the abolition of involuntary servitude by civilized society> Synonyms compulsory, forced, imperative, incumbent, mandatory, necessary, nonelective, obligatory, peremptory, requiredRelated Words all-important, essential, indispensable, needed, requisite; insistent, persistent, pressing, urgent; demanded, enforced; coerciveNear Antonyms chosen, discretionary; dispensable, unnecessary, unneeded, unwanted; inconsequential, insignificant, nonessential, unimportantAntonyms elective, optional, voluntary





Seen and Heard

What made you want to look up involuntary? Please tell us where you read or heard it (including the quote, if possible).

WORD OF THE DAY

February 11, 2016

the holder of an office

Get Word of the Day daily email!

WORD GAMES

Take a 3-minute break and test your skills!

image33683556

How much does a batman (the Turkish unit of measurement) weigh?

196.5 pounds 100 pounds 2.2 pounds 16.96 pounds
Name That Thing

10 quick questions: hear them, spell them, and see how your skills compare to the crowd.

TAKE THE QUIZ
SCRABBLE® Sprint

Test Your Knowledge - and learn some interesting things along the way.

TAKE THE QUIZ