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Medical Dictionary

alcoholism

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noun al·co·hol·ism \ˈal-kə-ˌhȯ-ˌliz-əm, -kə-hə-\

Medical Definition of alcoholism

  1. 1:  continued excessive or compulsive use of alcoholic drinks

  2. 2:  a chronic, progressive, potentially fatal disorder marked by excessive and usually compulsive drinking of alcohol leading to psychological and physical dependence or addiction Alcoholism is typically characterized by the inability to control alcoholic drinking, impairment of the ability to work and socialize, tendency to drink alone and engage in violent behavior, neglect of physical appearance and proper nutrition, alcohol-related illness (such as hepatitis or cirrhosis of the liver), and moderate to severe withdrawal symptoms (such as irritability, anxiety, tremors, insomnia, and confusion) upon detoxification. —compare acute alcoholism





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