alcohol

53 ENTRIES FOUND:

al·co·hol

noun \ˈal-kə-ˌhl\

: a clear liquid that has a strong smell, that is used in some medicines and other products, and that is the substance in liquors (such as beer, wine, or whiskey) that can make a person drunk

: drinks containing alcohol

Full Definition of ALCOHOL

1
a :  ethanol especially when considered as the intoxicating agent in fermented and distilled liquors
b :  drink (as whiskey or beer) containing ethanol
c :  a mixture of ethanol and water that is usually 95 percent ethanol
2
:  any of a class of organic compounds that are analogous to ethanol and that are hydroxyl derivatives of hydrocarbons

Examples of ALCOHOL

  1. cough medicine that contains alcohol
  2. drinks that are high in alcohol
  3. There was a high level of alcohol in his blood at the time of the accident.
  4. a mixture of different alcohols
  5. The restaurant had a license to serve alcohol.

Origin of ALCOHOL

New Latin, from Medieval Latin, powdered antimony, from Old Spanish, from Arabic al-kuḥul the powdered antimony, from kuḥl kohl
First Known Use: 1672

Other Alcoholic Beverage Terms

finish, gimlet, mull, sake, setup, sommelier, syllabub, vintner, wassail

al·co·hol

noun \ˈal-kə-ˌhl\   (Medical Dictionary)

Medical Definition of ALCOHOL

1
a : ethanol especially when considered as the intoxicating agent in fermented and distilled liquors b : drink (as whiskey or beer) containing ethanol c : a mixture of ethanol and water that is usually 95 percent ethanol
2
: any of various compounds that are analogous to ethanol in constitution and that are hydroxyl derivatives of hydrocarbons

alcohol

noun    (Concise Encyclopedia)

Any of a class of common organic compounds that contain one or more hydroxyl groups (OH) attached to one or more of the carbon atoms in a hydrocarbon chain. The number of other substituent groups (R) on that carbon atom make the alcohol a primary (RCHOH), secondary (RCHOH), or tertiary (RCOH) alcohol. Many alcohols occur naturally and are valuable intermediates in the synthesis of other compounds because of the characteristic chemical reactions of the hydroxyl group. Oxidation (see oxidation-reduction) of primary alcohols yields aldehydes and (if taken further) carboxylic acids; oxidation of secondary alcohols, ketones. Tertiary alcohols break down on oxidation. Alcohols generally react with carboxylic acids to produce esters. They may also be converted to ethers and olefins. Products of these numerous reactions include fats and waxes, detergents, plasticizers, emulsifiers, lubricants, emollients, and foaming agents. Ethanol (grain alcohol) and methanol (wood alcohol) are the best-known alcohols with one hydroxyl group. Glycols (e.g., ethylene glycol, or antifreeze) contain two hydroxyl groups, glycerol three, and polyols three or more. See also alcoholic beverage, alcoholism.

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