ethanol


eth·a·nol

noun \ˈe-thə-ˌnl, -ˌnōl, British also ˈē-\

Definition of ETHANOL

:  a colorless volatile flammable liquid C2H5OH that is the intoxicating agent in liquors and is also used as a solvent and in fuel —called also ethyl alcohol, grain alcohol

First Known Use of ETHANOL

1892

eth·a·nol

noun \ˈeth-ə-ˌnl, -ˌnōl\   (Medical Dictionary)

Medical Definition of ETHANOL

: a colorless volatile flammable liquid C2H5OH that is the intoxicating agent in liquors and is also used as a solvent—called also ethyl alcohol, grain alcohol; see alcohol 1

ethanol

noun    (Concise Encyclopedia)

Organic compound, most important of the alcohols, chemical formula CHCHOH. Produced by fermentation, it is the intoxicating ingredient in alcoholic beverages. Ethanol for industrial purposes is made by either fermentation or chemical synthesis, then purified by distillation and, to avoid the tax levied on ethyl alcohol for drinking, made unfit to drink (see denaturation) by mixing it with compounds such as methanol, benzene, or kerosene. Ethanol has many uses as a solvent, a raw material, an extraction medium, an antifreeze, an antiseptic, and a gasoline additive and substitute. It is toxic, depressing the central nervous system, and addictive to some persons (see alcoholism). Moderate amounts depress the inhibitory activities of the brain and so appear to stimulate the mind, but larger amounts seriously impair coordination and judgment; excessive consumption can cause coma and death. Taking ethanol in combination with barbiturates or related drugs is especially dangerous.

Variants of ETHANOL

ethanol or ethyl alcohol or grain alcohol

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