viroid


vi·roid

noun \ˈvī-ˌrid\

Definition of VIROID

:  any of two families (Pospiviroidae and Avsunviroidae) of subviral particles that consist of a small single-stranded RNA arranged in a closed loop without a protein shell and that replicate in their host plants where they may or may not be pathogenic

Origin of VIROID

New Latin virus + English -oid
First Known Use: 1971

viroid

noun    (Concise Encyclopedia)

Infectious particle that is smaller than any of the known viruses. The particle consists of an extremely small circular RNA molecule that lacks the protein coat of a virus. Viroids appear to be transmitted mechanically from one cell to another through cellular debris. They are of much interest because of their subviral nature and their unknown mode of action. Viroids are agents of certain plant diseases; whether they occur in animal cells is uncertain.

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