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umbra

play
noun um·bra \ˈəm-brə\

Definition of umbra

plural

umbras

or

umbrae

play \-(ˌ)brē, -ˌbrī\
  1. 1 :  a shaded area

  2. 2 a :  a conical shadow excluding all light from a given source; specifically :  the conical part of the shadow of a celestial body excluding all light from the primary source b :  the central dark part of a sunspot

umbral

play \-brəl\ adjective


Examples of umbra in a sentence

  1. <strange noises were coming from the wooded umbra beyond our campfire>

  2. <during a solar eclipse observers located within the umbra experience a complete blocking of the sun by the moon>



Did You Know?

The Latin word umbra ("shade, shadow") has given English a range of words in addition to "umbra" itself. An umbrella can provide us with shade from the sun. So can an umbrageous tree. (In this case, umbrageous means "affording shade.") The connection to shade or shadow in other "umbra" words is less obvious. When we say someone takes "umbrage," we mean they take offense, but in times past people used the word as a synonym of "shade" or "shadow." The two senses of "umbrage" influenced "umbrageous," which can mean "inclined to take offense easily" as well as "affording shade."

Origin and Etymology of umbra

Latin


First Known Use: 1638


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