typography


ty·pog·ra·phy

noun \tī-ˈpä-grə-fē\

: the work of producing printed pages from written material

: the style, arrangement, or appearance of printed letters on a page

Full Definition of TYPOGRAPHY

1
:  letterpress printing
2
:  the style, arrangement, or appearance of typeset matter

Origin of TYPOGRAPHY

Medieval Latin typographia, from Greek typos impression, cast + -graphia -graphy — more at type
First Known Use: 1610

typography

noun    (Concise Encyclopedia)

Design or selection of letter forms to be organized into words and sentences and printed or displayed electronically. Typography originated after the invention of printing from movable type in the mid 15th century. The three major type families in the history of Western printing are roman, italic, and black letter (Gothic). All had their origin in the scripts of the calligraphers whose work was ultimately replaced by printing. In the succeeding centuries typographers have created some 10,000 typefaces (a complete set of letter forms of a particular design). Depending on the style of their letters, typefaces are categorized as old style, transitional, and modern. Commonly used typefaces include Caslon, Baskerville, Bodoni, Garamond, and Times New Roman. See also John Baskerville; Giambattista Bodoni; Stanley Morison. The selection of a typeface is an important part of the aesthetic process in graphic design.

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