turpentine

6 ENTRIES FOUND:

1tur·pen·tine

noun \ˈtər-pən-ˌtīn, ˈtər-pəm-\

: a type of oil with a strong smell that is used to make paint thinner and to clean paint brushes

Full Definition of TURPENTINE

1
a :  a yellow to brown semifluid oleoresin obtained as an exudate from the terebinth
b :  an oleoresin obtained from various conifers (as some pines and firs)
2
a :  an essential oil obtained from turpentines by distillation and used especially as a solvent and thinner —called also gum turpentine
b :  a similar oil obtained by distillation or carbonization of pinewood —called also wood turpentine

Origin of TURPENTINE

Middle English terbentyne, turpentyne, from Anglo-French & Medieval Latin; Anglo-French terebentine, from Medieval Latin terbentina, from Latin terebinthina, feminine of terebinthinus of terebinth, from terebinthus terebinth, from Greek terebinthos
First Known Use: 14th century

Other Paints and Dyes Terms

bloom, craze, medium, size, vehicle

2turpentine

transitive verb
turpentinedturpentin·ing

Definition of TURPENTINE

1
:  to apply turpentine to
2
:  to extract turpentine from; especially :  to tap (pine trees) in order to obtain turpentine

First Known Use of TURPENTINE

1759

Other Paints and Dyes Terms

bloom, craze, medium, size, vehicle

tur·pen·tine

noun \ˈtər-pən-ˌtīn, ˈtərp-əm-\   (Medical Dictionary)

Medical Definition of TURPENTINE

1
a : a yellow to brown semifluid oleoresin obtained as an exudate from the terebinth (Pistacia terebinthus) of the sumac family b : an oleoresin obtained from various conifers (as some pines and firs)
2
a : an essential oil obtained from turpentines by distillation and used especially as a solvent and thinner—called also oil of turpentine b : a similar oil obtained by distillation or carbonization of pinewood—called also wood turpentine

turpentine

noun    (Concise Encyclopedia)

Any resinous exudate or extract from conifers, especially pines; now also commonly a term for its volatile fraction, oil (or spirits) of turpentine. Semifluid mixtures of organic compounds consisting of resins dissolved in a volatile oil, turpentines can be distilled (see distillation) into the volatile oil of turpentine and the nonvolatile rosin. The oil, a mixture of monoterpenes (see isoprenoid), chiefly pinene, is a colourless, odorous, flammable liquid that does not mix with water but is a good solvent for many substances. Oil of turpentine is favoured over petroleum solvents as an oil-paint thinner, varnish solvent, and brush cleaner. Its chief use is now as a raw material for resins, insecticides, oil additives, and synthetic pine oil and camphor and as a solvent.

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