noun \ˈtrə-fəl, ˈtrü-\

: a type of fungus that grows under the ground and that is used in cooking

: a kind of chocolate candy with a soft center

Full Definition of TRUFFLE

a :  the dark or light edible subterranean fruiting body of several European ascomycetous fungi (especially genus Tuber); also :  any of various similar fruiting bodies of related fungi
b :  a fungus that produces truffles
:  a candy made of chocolate, butter, sugar, and sometimes liqueur shaped into balls and often coated with cocoa

Origin of TRUFFLE

modification of Middle French truffe, from Old Occitan trufa, from Vulgar Latin *tufera; akin to Latin tuber swelling, truffle — more at tuber
First Known Use: 1591

Rhymes with TRUFFLE


noun    (Concise Encyclopedia)

English truffle (Tuber aestivum).—S.C. Porter/Bruce Coleman Inc.

Edible underground fungus in the genus Tuber (order Pezizales, phylum Ascomycota) that has been prized as a food delicacy since antiquity. Native mainly to temperate regions, truffles flourish in open woodlands on calcium-rich soil. The different species range from pea-sized to orange-sized. Truffles usually are associated with tree roots and are found up to about 1 ft (30 cm) below the soil surface. Experienced gatherers occasionally detect mature truffles by scent or by the morning and evening presence of hovering columns of small yellow flies but more often with the help of trained pigs or dogs. The truffle is important in French cookery, and truffle gathering is an important industry in France. Truffles are among the most highly valued foods in the world. False truffles (genus Rhizopogon, order Boletales, phylum Basidiomycota) form small, underground, potato-like structures under coniferous trees in parts of North America.


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