toxic shock syndrome


toxic shock syndrome

noun

medical : a serious illness that is caused by bacteria and occurs especially in women who use tampons

Full Definition of TOXIC SHOCK SYNDROME

:  an acute disease that is characterized by fever, diarrhea, nausea, diffuse erythema, and shock, that is associated especially with the presence of a bacterium (Staphylococcus aureus), and that occurs especially in menstruating females using tampons —called also toxic shock

First Known Use of TOXIC SHOCK SYNDROME

1978

toxic shock syndrome

noun    (Medical Dictionary)

Medical Definition of TOXIC SHOCK SYNDROME

: an acute and sometimes fatal disease that is characterized by fever, nausea, diarrhea, diffuse erythema, and shock, that is associated especially with the presence of a bacterium of the genus Staphylococcus (S. aureus), and that occurs especially in menstruating females using tampons—called also toxic shock

toxic shock syndrome

noun    (Concise Encyclopedia)

Bacterial disease caused by a toxin produced by the bacterium Staphylococcus aureus. It was first recognized in 1978 in women using superabsorbent tampons. High fever, diarrhea, vomiting, and rash may progress to abdominal tenderness, drop in blood pressure, shock, respiratory distress, and kidney failure. The syndrome also has other causes, including postsurgical infection. Antibiotics are not effective. With intensive supportive therapy, most patients recover in 7–10 days, but 10–15% die. Many patients have a milder recurrence within eight months.

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