Quantcast
Merriam-Webster Logo
  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
  • Scrabble
  • Spanish Central
  • Learner's Dictionary

temperance

play
noun tem·per·ance \ˈtem-p(ə-)rən(t)s, -pərn(t)s\

Simple Definition of temperance

  • : the practice of drinking little or no alcohol

  • : the practice of always controlling your actions, thoughts, or feelings so that you do not eat or drink too much, become too angry, etc.

Source: Merriam-Webster's Learner's Dictionary

Full Definition of temperance

  1. 1 :  moderation in action, thought, or feeling :  restraint

  2. 2a :  habitual moderation in the indulgence of the appetites or passionsb :  moderation in or abstinence from the use of alcoholic beverages

Examples of temperance in a sentence

  1. The minister preached about temperance.

  2. <my father attributes his ripe old age to temperance in all things, especially eating and drinking>



Origin and Etymology of temperance

Middle English, from Anglo-French, from Latin temperantia, from temperant-, temperans, present participle of temperare to moderate, be moderate


First Known Use: 14th century


TEMPERANCE Defined for Kids

temperance

play
noun tem·per·ance \ˈtem-pə-rəns, -prəns\

Definition of temperance for Students

  1. 1 :  control over actions, thoughts, or feelings

  2. 2 :  the use of little or no liquor



Word Root of temperance

The Latin word temperāre, meaning “to make mild,” “to control,” or “to soften,” gives us the root temper. Words from the Latin temperāre have something to do with mildness or control. To temper is to soften or make something less strong or difficult. Someone temperamental has little control over her or his mood and reactions to people and events. Temperature, or the degree of hotness or coldness, tells whether something is mild, too hot, or too cold.


Medical Dictionary

temperance

play
noun tem·per·ance \ˈtem-p(ə-)rən(t)s, -pərn(t)s\

Medical Definition of temperance

  1. :  habitual moderation in the indulgence of the appetites or passions; specifically :  moderation in or abstinence from the use of alcoholic beverages





Seen and Heard

What made you want to look up temperance? Please tell us where you read or heard it (including the quote, if possible).

WORD OF THE DAY

to proceed clumsily or ineffectually

Get Word of the Day daily email!

WORD GAMES

Take a 3-minute break and test your skills!

lavender-fields-in-france

Which of these is a synonym of caesura?

torrent interruption rebellion megillah
Name That Thing

Test your visual vocabulary with our 10-question challenge!

TAKE THE QUIZ
SCRABBLE® Sprint

Test Your Knowledge - and learn some interesting things along the way.

TAKE THE QUIZ