sugar


1sug·ar

noun \ˈsh-gər\

: a sweet substance usually in the form of white or brown crystals or white powder that comes from plants and is used to make foods sweeter

: the amount of sugar in one spoonful, lump, packet, etc.

: any one of various substances that are found in plants and that your body uses or stores for energy

Full Definition of SUGAR

1
a :  a sweet crystallizable material that consists wholly or essentially of sucrose, is colorless or white when pure tending to brown when less refined, is obtained commercially from sugarcane or sugar beet and less extensively from sorghum, maples, and palms, and is important as a source of dietary carbohydrate and as a sweetener and preservative of other foods
b :  any of various water-soluble compounds that vary widely in sweetness, include the monosaccharides and oligosaccharides, and typically are optically active
2
:  a unit (as a spoonful, cube, or lump) of sugar
3
:  a sugar bowl
sug·ar·less \-ləs\ adjective

Examples of SUGAR

  1. Would you pass the sugar, please?
  2. Do you take sugar in your coffee?
  3. Coffee with two sugars and milk, please.

Origin of SUGAR

Middle English sugre, sucre, from Anglo-French sucre, from Medieval Latin zuccarum, from Old Italian zucchero, from Arabic sukkar, from Persian shakar, ultimately from Sanskrit śarkarā; akin to Sanskrit śarkara pebble — more at crocodile
First Known Use: 14th century

Rhymes with SUGAR

2sugar

verb

: to put sugar on or in (something)

: to make maple syrup or maple sugar by boiling sap from maple trees

sug·aredsug·ar·ing \ˈsh-g(ə-)riŋ\

Full Definition of SUGAR

transitive verb
1
:  to make palatable or attractive :  sweeten <a story sugared with romance>
2
:  to sprinkle or mix with sugar
intransitive verb
1
:  to form or be converted into sugar
2
:  to become granular
3
:  to make maple syrup or maple sugar

Examples of SUGAR

  1. The clean fruit is then dried and sugared.
  2. They've been sugaring since they were children.

First Known Use of SUGAR

15th century

Rhymes with SUGAR

sug·ar

noun \ˈshg-ər\   (Medical Dictionary)

Medical Definition of SUGAR

1
: a sweet crystallizable substance that consists chiefly of sucrose, is colorless or white when pure and tending to brown when less refined, is obtained commercially from sugarcane or sugar beet and less extensively from sorghum, maples, and palms, and is important as a source of dietary carbohydrate and as a sweetener and preservative for other foods and for drugs and in the chemical industry as an intermediate
2
: any of various water-soluble compounds that vary widely in sweetness and comprise the oligosaccharides including sucrose

sugar

noun    (Concise Encyclopedia)

Any of numerous sweet, colourless organic compounds that dissolve readily in water and occur in the sap of seed plants and the milk of mammals. Sugars (whose names end in -ose) are the simplest carbohydrates. The most common is sucrose, a disaccharide; there are numerous others, including glucose and fructose (both monosaccharides); invert sugar (a 50:50 mixture of glucose and fructose produced by enzyme action on sucrose); and maltose (produced in the malting of barley) and lactose (both disaccharides). Commercial production of sugars is almost entirely for food.

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