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subtract

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verb sub·tract \səb-ˈtrakt\

Simple Definition of subtract

  • : to take (a number or amount) from another number or amount

Source: Merriam-Webster's Learner's Dictionary

Full Definition of subtract

  1. transitive verb
  2. :  to take away by or as if by deducting <subtract 5 from 9> <subtract funds from the project>

  3. intransitive verb
  4. :  to perform a subtraction

subtracter

noun

Examples of subtract in a sentence

  1. <if you subtract 10 from 23, you get 13>

  2. <you can subtract the time you spent daydreaming from your total homework time>



Origin and Etymology of subtract

Latin subtractus, past participle of subtrahere to draw from beneath, withdraw, from sub- + trahere to draw


First Known Use: 1557


SUBTRACT Defined for Kids

subtract

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verb sub·tract \səb-ˈtrakt\

Definition of subtract for Students

subtracted

subtracting

  1. :  to take away (as one part or number from another) :  deduct



Word Root of subtract

The Latin word tractus, meaning “pulled” or “dragged,” gives us the root tract. Words from the Latin tractus have to do with being pulled or dragged. To attract is to pull or draw towards you. To distract is to pull someone's attention away from something. To extract is to pull one thing out of another. To subtract is to pull a portion or number away from a group or from a whole.



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