Quantcast
Merriam-Webster Logo
  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
  • Medical
  • Scrabble
  • Spanish Central
  • Learner's Dictionary
1

soil

play
verb \ˈsȯi(-ə)l\

Definition of soil

  1. transitive verb
  2. 1 :  to stain or defile morally :  corrupt

  3. 2 :  to make unclean especially superficially :  dirty

  4. 3 :  to blacken or taint (as a person's reputation) by word or deed

  5. intransitive verb
  6. :  to become soiled or dirty



Origin of soil

Middle English, from Anglo-French soiller, suiller, from Old French soil wallow of a wild boar, abyss, from Latin solium chair, bathtub; akin to Latin sedēre to sit — more at sit


First Known Use: 13th century


2

soil

noun

Definition of soil

  1. 1a :  soilage, stain <protect a dress from soil>b :  moral defilement :  corruption

  2. 2 :  something that spoils or pollutes: asa :  refuseb :  sewagec :  dung, excrement



1501

First Known Use of soil

1501

Rhymes with soil


3

soil

noun

Definition of soil

  1. 1 :  firm land :  earth

  2. 2a :  the upper layer of earth that may be dug or plowed and in which plants growb :  the superficial unconsolidated and usually weathered part of the mantle of a planet and especially of the earth

  3. 3 :  country, land <our native soil>

  4. 4 :  the agricultural life or calling

  5. 5 :  a medium in which something takes hold and develops



Origin of soil

Middle English, from Anglo-French, soil, piece of land, from Vulgar Latin *solium, alteration of Latin solea sole, sandal, foundation timber — more at sole


First Known Use: 14th century


4

soil

transitive verb

Definition of soil

  1. :  to feed (livestock) in the barn or an enclosure with fresh grass or green food; also :  to purge (livestock) by feeding on green food



Origin of soil

origin unknown


First Known Use: 1605

Other Animal Husbandry Terms




Seen and Heard

What made you want to look up soil? Please tell us where you read or heard it (including the quote, if possible).

WORD OF THE DAY

February 11, 2016

the holder of an office

Get Word of the Day daily email!

WORD GAMES

Take a 3-minute break and test your skills!

image33683556

How much does a batman (the Turkish unit of measurement) weigh?

196.5 pounds 16.96 pounds 100 pounds 2.2 pounds
Name That Thing

10 quick questions: hear them, spell them, and see how your skills compare to the crowd.

TAKE THE QUIZ
SCRABBLE® Sprint

Test Your Knowledge - and learn some interesting things along the way.

TAKE THE QUIZ