saxophone


sax·o·phone

noun \ˈsak-sə-ˌfōn\

: a musical instrument that has a curved metal tube and that is played by blowing into a mouthpiece and pressing keys with your fingers

Full Definition of SAXOPHONE

:  one of a group of single-reed woodwind instruments usually ranging from soprano to bass and characterized by a conical metal tube and finger keys
sax·o·phon·ic \ˌsak-sə-ˈfō-nik, -ˈfä-\ adjective
sax·o·phon·ist \ˈsak-sə-ˌfō-nist, especially British sak-ˈsä-fə-\ noun

Illustration of SAXOPHONE

Origin of SAXOPHONE

French, from Antoine Sax †1894 Belgian instrument maker + French -phone
First Known Use: 1851

saxophone

noun    (Concise Encyclopedia)

Single-reed wind instrument with a conical metal tube and finger keys. Though made of brass, it is classified as a woodwind instrument. Its mouthpiece resembles that of the clarinet. The saxophone family includes instruments with at least eight different ranges, the tenor and alto instruments being the most common. The smallest (highest-range) saxophones are straight; the rest have curved necks and their bells are bent up and out. Transposing instruments (producing a higher or lower pitch than indicated in music written for it) in B-flat and E-flat, all have the same written 3-octave range. The saxophone was patented in 1846 by Adolphe Sax, who created two separate instrument families, for military and orchestral use respectively. Though few composers included saxophones in their orchestral scores, they became centrally important in military, dance, and jazz bands.

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