cortisone


cor·ti·sone

noun \-ˌsōn, -ˌzōn\

medical : a hormone that is used to treat arthritis and other diseases

Full Definition of CORTISONE

:  a glucocorticoid C21H28O5 of the adrenal cortex used in synthetic form especially as an anti-inflammatory agent (as for rheumatoid arthritis)

Origin of CORTISONE

alteration of corticosterone
First Known Use: 1949

cor·ti·sone

noun \-ˌsōn, -ˌzōn\   (Medical Dictionary)

Medical Definition of CORTISONE

: a glucocorticoid C21H28O5 that is produced naturally in small amounts by the adrenal cortex and is administered in the form of its synthetic acetate C23H30O6 especially as replacement therapy for deficient adrenocortical secretion and as an anti-inflammatory agent (as for rheumatoid arthritis)—compare 11-dehydrocorticosterone

cortisone

noun    (Concise Encyclopedia)

Steroid hormone produced by the adrenal cortex (see adrenal gland). It participates in the regulation of the conversion of proteins to carbohydrates, and to some extent it regulates salt metabolism. Introduced medically in 1948 for its anti-inflammatory effect to treat arthritis, it has been largely replaced by related compounds that do not produce its undesired side effects, which include edema, increased stomach acidity, and imbalances in sodium, potassium, and nitrogen metabolism. See also Cushing syndrome.

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