: a severe respiratory illness that is caused by a coronavirus (species Severe acute respiratory syndrome virus of the genus Coronavirus), is transmitted especially by contact with infectious material (as respiratory droplets or body fluids), and is characterized by fever, headache, body aches, a dry cough, hypoxia, and usually pneumonia
Origin of SARS
First Known Use: 2003
SARS noun \ˈsärz\ (Medical Dictionary)
: a severe respiratory illness that is transmitted especially by contact with infectious material (as respiratory droplets or body fluids), is caused by a single-stranded RNA virus of the genus Coronavirus, is characterized by fever, headache, body aches, a dry cough, and hypoxia and usually by pneumonia—called also severe acute respiratory syndrome
SARS noun (Concise Encyclopedia)
Highly contagious respiratory illness characterized by a persistent fever, headache, and bodily discomfort, followed by a dry cough that may progress to great difficulty in breathing. SARS appeared in November 2002 in Guangdong province, China, and was brought to Hong Kong in February 2003. As it spread from there to other countries of East Asia and the world, health authorities instituted an unprecedented series of control measures, including quarantines and prohibitions on travel, and in June 2003 the global outbreak was declared to be contained. By that time more than 8,000 cases had been reported, and some 800 people had died. SARS is believed to be caused by a mutant coronavirus, a type usually associated with pneumonia and the common cold. A specific vaccine has not been developed. Treatment is usually restricted to easing the patient's symptomsproviding mechanical ventilation if necessaryuntil the illness has run its course.
Variants of SARS
SARS in full severe acute respiratory syndrome
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