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1

sap

play
noun \ˈsap\

Definition of sap

  1. 1a :  the fluid part of a plant; specifically :  a watery solution that circulates through a plant's vascular systemb (1) :  a body fluid (as blood) essential to life, health, or vigor (2) :  bodily health and vigor

  2. 2 :  a foolish gullible person

  3. 3 [probably short for sapling] :  blackjack, bludgeon

sapless

play \ˈsa-pləs\ adjective

saplessness

play \-nəs\ noun


Origin and Etymology of sap

Middle English, from Old English sæp; akin to Old High German saf sap


First Known Use: before 12th century


2

sap

transitive verb

Definition of sap

sapped

sapping

  1. 1 :  to drain or deprive of sap

  2. 2 :  to knock out with a sap



1725

First Known Use of sap

1725


3

sap

verb

Definition of sap

sapped

sapping

  1. intransitive verb
  2. :  to proceed by digging a sap

  3. transitive verb
  4. 1 :  to subvert by digging or eroding the substratum or foundation :  undermine

  5. 2a :  to gradually diminish the supply or intensity of <sapped her strength>b :  to weaken or exhaust the energy or vitality of <the illness sapped him of his stamina>

  6. 3 :  to operate against or pierce by a sap



Origin and Etymology of sap

Middle French sapper, from Old Italian zappare, from zappa hoe


First Known Use: 1598

Synonym Discussion of sap

weaken, enfeeble, debilitate, undermine, sap, cripple, disable mean to lose or cause to lose strength or vigor. weaken may imply loss of physical strength, health, soundness, or stability or of quality, intensity, or effective power <a disease that weakens the body's defenses> . enfeeble implies an obvious and pitiable condition of weakness and helplessness <enfeebled by starvation>. debilitate suggests a less marked or more temporary impairment of strength or vitality <the debilitating effects of surgery>. undermine and sap suggest a weakening by something working surreptitiously and insidiously <a poor diet undermines your health> <drugs had sapped his ability to think>. cripple implies causing a serious loss of functioning power through damaging or removing an essential part or element <crippled by arthritis>. disable suggests a usually sudden crippling or enfeebling <disabled soldiers received an immediate discharge>.

4

sap

noun

Definition of sap

  1. :  the extension of a trench to a point beneath an enemy's fortifications



Origin and Etymology of sap

French sape, from saper


First Known Use: 1642

Rhymes with sap


SAP Defined for Kids

1

sap

play
noun \ˈsap\

Definition of sap for Students

  1. :  a watery juice that circulates through a plant and carries food and nutrients




2

sap

play
verb

Definition of sap for Students

sapped

sapping

  1. :  to weaken or use up little by little <… the heavy load they dragged sapped their strength severely. — Jack London, The Call of the Wild>




Medical Dictionary

sap

Medical Definition of sap




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