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During the period of the French Revolution and Napoleonic wars (1796-1815), the French dominated Italy and introduced many new reforms to the Italian states. After the wars, the states were restored to their former rulers, the Austrians, and took on a conservative character. In response, a number of secret societies arose as part of an ideological and literary movement in support of a united Italy free of foreign domination. This movement was given the name "Risorgimento," which literally translates from Italian as rising again. Although most modern use of the term still refers to this movement, the word also has another broader meaning in English; it acquired its second sense ("revival") in the mid-20th century. This second sense is occasionally capitalized in a nod to the earlier use.
Origin of risorgimento
Italian, literally, rising again, from risorgere to rise again, from Latin resurgere — more at resurrection
First Known Use: 1902
Learn More about risorgimento
Britannica.com: Encyclopedia article about "risorgimento"
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