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presumption

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noun pre·sump·tion \pri-ˈzəm(p)-shən\

Simple Definition of presumption

  • : a belief that something is true even though it has not been proved

  • law : an act of accepting that something is true until it is proved not true

  • : willingness to do something without the right or permission to do it

Source: Merriam-Webster's Learner's Dictionary

Full Definition of presumption

  1. 1 :  presumptuous attitude or conduct :  audacity

  2. 2 a :  an attitude or belief dictated by probability :  assumption b :  the ground, reason, or evidence lending probability to a belief

  3. 3 :  a legal inference as to the existence or truth of a fact not certainly known that is drawn from the known or proved existence of some other fact

Examples of presumption in a sentence

  1. The trial was unfair from the beginning because there was no presumption of innocence.

  2. a defendant's right to a presumption of innocence



Origin of presumption

Middle English presumpcioun, from Anglo-French presumption, from Late Latin & Latin; Late Latin praesumption-, praesumptio presumptuous attitude, from Latin, assumption, from praesumere


First Known Use: 13th century



PRESUMPTION Defined for Kids

presumption

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noun pre·sump·tion \pri-ˈzəmp-shən\

Definition of presumption for Students

  1. 1 :  behavior or attitude going beyond what is proper

  2. 2 :  a strong reason for believing something to be so

  3. 3 :  something believed to be so but not proved




Law Dictionary

presumption

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noun pre·sump·tion \pri-ˈzəmp-shən\

Legal Definition of presumption

  1. :  an inference as to the existence of a fact not certainly known that the law requires to be drawn from the known or proven existence of some other fact conclusive presumption :  a presumption that the law does not allow to be rebutted —called also irrebuttable presumption — compare rebuttable presumption in this entry mandatory presumption :  a presumption that a jury is required by law to make upon proof of a given fact — compare permissive presumption in this entry permissive presumption :  an inference or presumption that a jury is allowed but not required to make from a given set of facts —called also permissive inference — compare mandatory presumption in this entry presumption of fact :  a presumption founded on a previous experience or on general knowledge of a connection between a known fact and one inferred from it presumption of innocence :  a rebuttable presumption in the favor of the defendant in a criminal action imposing on the prosecution the burden of proving guilt beyond a reasonable doubt presumption of intent :  a permissive presumption that if a criminal defendant committed an act it was his or her intent to commit it presumption of law :  a presumption (as of the innocence of a criminal defendant) founded on a rule or policy of law regardless of fact presumption of survivorship :  the presumption in the absence of direct evidence that of two or more persons dying in a common disaster (as a fire) one was the last to die because of youth, strength, or other reasons rendering survivorship likely rebuttable presumption :  a presumption that may be rebutted by evidence to the contrary — compare conclusive presumption in this entry





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