Quantcast
Merriam-Webster Logo
  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
  • Medical
  • Scrabble
  • Spanish Central
  • Learner's Dictionary

preposition

play
noun prep·o·si·tion \ˌpre-pə-ˈzi-shən\

Simple Definition of preposition

  • grammar : a word or group of words that is used with a noun, pronoun, or noun phrase to show direction, location, or time, or to introduce an object

Full Definition of preposition

  1. :  a function word that typically combines with a noun phrase to form a phrase which usually expresses a modification or predication

prep·o·si·tion·al play \-ˈzish-nəl, -ˈzi-shə-nəl\ adjective
prep·o·si·tion·al·ly adverb

Examples of preposition

  1. The preposition on in The keys are on the table shows location.

  2. The preposition in in The movie starts in one hour shows time.



Origin of preposition

Middle English preposicioun, from Anglo-French preposicion, from Latin praeposition-, praepositio, from praeponere to put in front, from prae- pre- + ponere to put — more at position


First Known Use: 14th century

Other Grammar and Linguistics Terms


PREPOSITIONAL Defined for Kids

prepositional

adjective prep·o·si·tion·al \ˌpre-pə-ˈzi-shə-nəl\

Definition of prepositional

  1. :  relating to or containing a preposition <In “she is from China,” “from China” is a prepositional phrase.>




Learn More about preposition


Seen and Heard

What made you want to look up preposition? Please tell us where you read or heard it (including the quote, if possible).

WORD OF THE DAY

February 14, 2016

to hug and kiss another person

Get Word of the Day daily email!

WORD GAMES

Take a 3-minute break and test your skills!

image33683556

How much does a batman (the Turkish unit of measurement) weigh?

2.2 pounds 100 pounds 16.96 pounds 196.5 pounds
Name That Thing

10 quick questions: hear them, spell them, and see how your skills compare to the crowd.

TAKE THE QUIZ
SCRABBLE® Sprint

Test Your Knowledge - and learn some interesting things along the way.

TAKE THE QUIZ