Middle English, from Old English pīnian to suffer, from *pīn punishment, from Latin poena — more at pain
First Known Use: 14th century
Cluster of pollen-bearing male cones of Austrian (black) pine (Pinus nigra).—Grant Heilman Photography
Any of 10 genera of coniferous trees (rarely shrubs) of the family Pinaceae (seeconifer), native to northern temperate regions, especially about 90 species of ornamental and timber evergreen conifers of the genus Pinus. Needlelike leaves and cones are solitary or in bunches. Shallow root systems make pines susceptible to wind and surface disturbance. The family includes fir, Douglas fir, hemlock, spruce, larch, and cedar. Many species are sources of softwood timber, paper pulp, oils, and resins. Some are cultivated as ornamentals.