lithosphere


lith·o·sphere

noun \ˈli-thə-ˌsfir\

Definition of LITHOSPHERE

:  the solid part of a celestial body (as the earth); specifically :  the outer part of the solid earth composed of rock essentially like that exposed at the surface, consisting of the crust and outermost layer of the mantle, and usually considered to be about 60 miles (100 kilometers) in thickness
lith·o·spher·ic \ˌli-thə-ˈsfir-ik, -ˈsfer-\ adjective

Origin of LITHOSPHERE

International Scientific Vocabulary
First Known Use: 1887

lithosphere

noun    (Concise Encyclopedia)

Rigid, rocky outer layer of the Earth, consisting of the crust and the solid outermost layer of the upper mantle. It extends to a depth of about 60 mi (100 km). It is broken into about a dozen separate, rigid blocks, or plates (see plate tectonics). Slow convection currents deep within the mantle, generated by radioactive heating of the interior, are believed to cause the lateral movements of the plates (and the continents that rest on top of them) at a rate of several inches per year.

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