juvenile court

juvenile court


Definition of JUVENILE COURT

:  a court that has special jurisdiction over delinquent and dependent children usually up to the age of 18

First Known Use of JUVENILE COURT


juvenile court

noun    (Concise Encyclopedia)

Special court handling problems of delinquent, neglected, or abused children. Two types of cases are processed by a juvenile court: civil matters, often concerning care of an abandoned or impoverished child, and criminal matters, arising from antisocial behaviour by the child. Most statutes provide that all persons under a given age (often 18 years) must first be processed by the juvenile court, which can then, at its discretion, assign the case to an ordinary court. Before the creation of the first juvenile court, in Chicago in 1899, and the subsequent creation of other such courts in the United States and other countries (e.g., Canada in 1908; England in 1908; France in 1912; Russia in 1918; Poland in 1919; Japan in 1922; and Germany in 1923), juveniles were tried in the same courts as adults.


Next Word in the Dictionary: juvenile delinquency
Previous Word in the Dictionary: juvenile absence epilepsy
All Words Near: juvenile court

Seen & Heard

What made you want to look up juvenile court? Please tell us where you read or heard it (including the quote, if possible).