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incidence

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noun in·ci·dence \ˈin(t)-sə-dən(t)s, -ˌden(t)s\

Simple Definition of incidence

  • : the number of times something happens or develops : the rate at which something occurs

  • : the angle at which a ray (such as a ray of light) hits a surface

Source: Merriam-Webster's Learner's Dictionary

Full Definition of incidence

  1. 1 a :  angle of incidence b :  the arrival of something (as a projectile or a ray of light) at a surface

  2. 2 a :  an act or the fact or manner of falling upon or affecting :  occurrence b :  rate of occurrence or influence <a high incidence of crime>

Examples of incidence in a sentence

  1. an increased incidence of diabetes

  2. a high incidence of criminal behavior



Did You Know?

The words incident, incidence, and instance may seem similar (and, in fact, incident and incidence are closely related), but they are not used identically. In current use, incidence usually means "rate of occurrence" and is often qualified in some way ("a high incidence of diabetes"). Incident usually refers to a particular event, often something unusual or unpleasant ("many such incidents go unreported"). Instance suggests a particular occurrence that is offered as an example ("another instance of bureaucratic bumbling"); it can also be synonymous with case ("many instances in which the wrong form was submitted"). The plural incidences sometimes occurs in such contexts as "several recent incidences of crime," but this use is often criticized as incorrect.

1626

First Known Use of incidence

1626


Medical Dictionary

incidence

play
noun in·ci·dence \ˈin(t)-səd-ən(t)s, -sə-ˌden(t)s\

Medical Definition of incidence

  1. 1a:  angle of incidenceb:  the arrival of something (as a ray of light) at a surface

  2. 2a:  an act or the fact or manner of occurring or affecting <diseases of domestic incidenceScience>b:  rate of occurrence or influence; especially :  the rate of occurrence of new cases of a particular disease in a population being studied—compare prevalence




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