Simple Definition of impose
: to cause (something, such as a tax, fine, rule, or punishment) to affect someone or something by using your authority
: to establish or create (something unwanted) in a forceful or harmful way
: to force someone to accept (something or yourself)
Full Definition of impose
1 a : to establish or apply by authority <impose a tax> <impose new restrictions> <impose penalties> b : to establish or bring about as if by force <those limits imposed by our own inadequacies — C. H. Plimpton>
3 : pass off <impose fake antiques on the public>
4 : to force into the company or on the attention of another <impose oneself on others>
: to take unwarranted advantage of something <imposed on his good nature>
Examples of impose in a sentence
The judge imposed a life sentence.
I needed to break free from the limits imposed by my own fear of failure.
Did You Know?
The Latin imposui meant "put upon", and that meaning carried over into English in impose. A CEO may impose a new manager on one of the company's plants. A state may impose new taxes on luxury items or cigarettes, and the federal government sometimes imposes trade restrictions on another country to punish it. A polite apology might begin with "I hope I'm not imposing on you" (that is, "forcing my presence on you"). And a self-imposed deadline is one that you decide to hold yourself to.
Origin and Etymology of impose
Middle French imposer, from Latin imponere, literally, to put upon (perfect indicative imposui), from in- + ponere to put — more at position
First Known Use: 1581
IMPOSE Defined for Kids
Definition of impose for Students
1 : to establish or apply as a charge or penalty <The judge imposed a fine.>
2 : to force someone to accept or put up with <Don't impose your beliefs on me.>
3 : to ask for more than is fair or reasonable : take unfair advantage <Guests imposed on his good nature.>
Seen and Heard
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