Holy Synod


Holy Synod

noun

Definition of HOLY SYNOD

:  the governing body of a national Eastern church

First Known Use of HOLY SYNOD

1768

Holy Synod

noun    (Concise Encyclopedia)

Ecclesiastical governing body created by Tsar Peter I in 1721 to head the Russian Orthodox Church, replacing the patriarchate of Moscow. Peter created the Synod, made up of representatives of the hierarchy obedient to his will, to subject the church to the state, and appointed a secular official, the chief procurator, to supervise its activities. The Synod persecuted all dissenters and censored publications, and Peter disposed of church property and revenues for state purposes at his own discretion. In 1917 a church council reestablished the patriarchate, but the new Soviet government soon nationalized all church-held lands.

Browse

Next Word in the Dictionary: Holy Table
Previous Word in the Dictionary: holystone
All Words Near: Holy Synod

Seen & Heard

What made you want to look up Holy Synod? Please tell us where you read or heard it (including the quote, if possible).