histamine

2 ENTRIES FOUND:

his·ta·mine

noun \ˈhis-tə-ˌmēn, -mən\

medical : a chemical substance in the body that causes the symptoms that people experience when they are allergic to something

Full Definition of HISTAMINE

:  a compound C5H9N3 especially of mammalian tissues that causes dilation of capillaries, contraction of smooth muscle, and stimulation of gastric acid secretion, that is released during allergic reactions, and that is formed by decarboxylation of histidine

Origin of HISTAMINE

International Scientific Vocabulary hist- + amine
First Known Use: circa 1913

his·ta·mine

noun \ˈhis-tə-ˌmēn, -mən\   (Medical Dictionary)

Medical Definition of HISTAMINE

: a compound C5H9N3 especially of mammalian tissues that causes dilatation of capillaries, contraction of smooth muscle, and stimulation of gastric acid secretion, that is released during allergic reactions, and that is formed by decarboxylation of histidine
his·ta·min·ic \ˌhis-tə-ˈmin-ik\ adjective

histamine

noun    (Concise Encyclopedia)

Organic compound found in nearly all animal tissues, in microorganisms, and in some plants. Its release stimulates many smooth muscles to contract, such as those in the gastrointestinal tract, uterus, and the bronchi. It causes fine blood vessels to dilate and become more permeable, causing the runny nose, watery eyes, and tissue swelling of hay fever and some other allergies. Histamine appears to have a physiological role in the body's defenses against a hostile environment, since it may be released when the body is subjected to trauma, infection, or some drugs. Under extreme circumstances, the effects of histamine lead to exaggerated responses with distressing results, as may occur in some allergic conditions (see anaphylaxis). Stinging nettles and certain insect venoms contain histamine. In humans, histamine is formed by removal of a carboxyl group from histidine. Its effects are counteracted by antihistamines.

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