Quantcast
Merriam-Webster Logo
  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
  • Scrabble
  • Spanish Central
  • Learner's Dictionary

gourmand

play
noun gour·mand \ˈgu̇r-ˌmänd, -mənd\

Simple Definition of gourmand

  • : a person who loves to eat and drink : a person who eats and drinks too much

Source: Merriam-Webster's Learner's Dictionary

Full Definition of gourmand

  1. 1 :  one who is excessively fond of eating and drinking

  2. 2 :  one who is heartily interested in good food and drink

gourmandism play \ˈgu̇r-ˌmän-ˌdi-zəm, -mən-\ noun
gourmandize play \-ˌdīz\ intransitive verb

Examples of gourmand in a sentence

  1. <a finicky gourmand who vacationed in Europe every year simply for the wine>

  2. <the kind of gourmand who swallows food without even pausing to taste it>



Did You Know?

What God has plagu'd us with this gormaund guest? As this exasperated question from Alexander Pope's 18th-century translation of Homer's Odyssey suggests, being a gourmand is not necessarily a good thing. When "gourmand" began appearing in English texts in the 15th century, it was a decidedly bad thing, a synonym of "glutton" that was reserved for a greedy eater who consumed well past satiation. That negative connotation remained until English speakers borrowed the similar-sounding (and much more positive) "gourmet" from French in the 19th century. Since then, the meaning of "gourmand" has softened, so that although it still isn't wholly flattering, it now suggests someone who likes good food in large quantities rather than a slobbering glutton.

Origin of gourmand

Middle English gourmaunt, from Middle French gourmant


First Known Use: 15th century

Synonym Discussion of gourmand

epicure, gourmet, gourmand, gastronome mean one who takes pleasure in eating and drinking. epicure implies fastidiousness and voluptuousness of taste. gourmet implies being a connoisseur in food and drink and the discriminating enjoyment of them. gourmand implies a hearty appetite for good food and drink, not without discernment, but with less than a gourmet's. gastronome implies that one has studied extensively the history and rituals of haute cuisine.


Seen and Heard

What made you want to look up gourmand? Please tell us where you read or heard it (including the quote, if possible).

WORD OF THE DAY

to manage or play awkwardly

Get Word of the Day daily email!

WORD GAMES

Take a 3-minute break and test your skills!

alt-5746713d76276

Which of these is a synonym of nonplus?

reduce soothe disapprove perplex
Name That Thing

Test your visual vocabulary with our 10-question challenge!

TAKE THE QUIZ
SCRABBLE® Sprint

Test Your Knowledge - and learn some interesting things along the way.

TAKE THE QUIZ