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1

further

play
adverb fur·ther \ˈfər-thər\

Simple Definition of further

  • : to or at a more distant place or time

  • : to a greater degree or extent

  • : in addition to what has been said

Full Definition of further

  1. 1 :  farther 1 <my ponies are tired, and I have further to go — Thomas Hardy>

  2. 2 :  in addition :  moreover

  3. 3 :  to a greater degree or extent <further annoyed by a second intrusion>

Usage Discussion of further

Farther and further have been used more or less interchangeably throughout most of their history, but currently they are showing signs of diverging. As adverbs they continue to be used interchangeably whenever spatial, temporal, or metaphorical distance is involved. But where there is no notion of distance, further is used <our techniques can be further refined>. Further is also used as a sentence modifier <further, the workshop participants were scarcely optimistic — L. B. Mayhew>, but farther is not. A polarizing process appears to be taking place in their adjective use. Farther is taking over the meaning of distance <the farther shore> and further the meaning of addition <needed no further invitation>.

Examples of further

  1. The town, such as it is, is one of those Northwest places that look like the outskirts of somewhere bigger, further down the road, but turn out to be all there is. —Jonathan Raban, New York Review of Books, 26 Mar. 2009

  2. The Russian artillery fire and bombs are reaching further into the southern sections of the city … —Alessandra Stanley, New York Times, 17 Jan. 1995

  3. … her example gave me courage to develop my own voice further. —Rita Dove, Essence, May 1995

  4. We need to look back further into the past to find the cause of these problems.

  5. I've never been further west than St. Louis.

  6. Their house is further up the street.

  7. We need to research further into this matter.

  8. The police have been reluctant to take their investigation any further.

  9. They are not our friends. I would go even further and say they are our enemies.

  10. I had enough money to invest. I realized, further, that the risk was small.



Origin of further

Middle English, from Old English furthor (akin to Old High German furthar further), comparative, from the base of Old English forth forth


First Known Use: before 12th century


2

further

play
verb fur·ther \ˈfər-thər\

Simple Definition of further

  • : to help the progress of (something) : to cause (something) to become more successful or advanced

Full Definition of further

fur·theredfur·ther·ing play \ˈfərth-riŋ, ˈfər-thə-\

  1. transitive verb
  2. :  to help forward :  promote

fur·ther·er play \ˈfər-thər-ər\ noun

Examples of further

  1. Their efforts greatly furthered the state of research.

  2. The funds are to be used to further the public good.



Origin of further

(see 1further)


First Known Use: before 12th century

Synonym Discussion of further

advance, promote, forward, further mean to help (someone or something) to move ahead. advance stresses effective assisting in hastening a process or bringing about a desired end <advance the cause of peace>. promote suggests an encouraging or fostering and may denote an increase in status or rank <a campaign to promote better health>. forward implies an impetus forcing something ahead <a wage increase would forward productivity>. further suggests a removing of obstacles in the way of a desired advance <used the marriage to further his career>.

3

further

play
adjective fur·ther \ˈfər-thər\

Simple Definition of further

  • : more distant

Full Definition of further

  1. 1 :  farther 1 <rode … across the valley and up the further slopes — T. E. Lawrence>

  2. 2 :  going or extending beyond :  additional <further volumes> <further education>

Usage Discussion of further

Farther and further have been used more or less interchangeably throughout most of their history, but currently they are showing signs of diverging. As adverbs they continue to be used interchangeably whenever spatial, temporal, or metaphorical distance is involved. But where there is no notion of distance, further is used <our techniques can be further refined>. Further is also used as a sentence modifier <further, the workshop participants were scarcely optimistic — L. B. Mayhew>, but farther is not. A polarizing process appears to be taking place in their adjective use. Farther is taking over the meaning of distance <the farther shore> and further the meaning of addition <needed no further invitation>.

Examples of further

  1. He will undergo further questioning.

  2. If you need further information you can call me.

  3. We do not expect any further deliveries today.

  4. I have nothing further to say.

  5. There is a further problem: do we have enough money?

  6. We parked in the further lot.

  7. There is more damage to the further part of the fence.



Origin of further

(see 1further)


First Known Use: 13th century




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