noun \ˈfyüm\

: smoke or gas that smells unpleasant

Full Definition of FUME

a :  a smoke, vapor, or gas especially when irritating or offensive <engine exhaust fumes>
b :  an often noxious suspension of particles in a gas (as air)
:  something (as an emotion) that impairs one's reasoning <sometimes his head gets a little hot with the fumes of patriotism — Matthew Arnold>
:  a state of excited irritation or anger —usually used in the phrase in a fume
fumy \ˈfyü-mē\ adjective
on fumes
:  with little of the original strength or energy remaining <tired ballplayers running on fumes>

Origin of FUME

Middle English, from Anglo-French fum, from Latin fumus; akin to Old High German toumen to be fragrant, Sanskrit dhūma smoke, Old Church Slavic dymŭ
First Known Use: 14th century

Other Chemical Engineering Terms

alkali, cation, decant, hygroscopic, isotope, oxidize, slurry, solute, viscous



: to show or feel anger

: to say (something) in an angry way

: to produce or give off (smoke, fumes, etc.)


Full Definition of FUME

transitive verb
:  to expose to or treat with fumes
:  to give off in fumes <fuming thick black smoke>
:  to utter while in a state of excited irritation or anger
intransitive verb
a :  to emit fumes
b :  to be in a state of excited irritation or anger <fretted and fumed over the delay>
:  to rise in or as if in fumes

Examples of FUME

  1. She's still fuming about not being invited to the party.
  2. We sat there waiting for him, fuming with anger at the delay.
  3. They made these changes without even asking our opinion, one employee fumed.
  4. The volcano was fuming thick black smoke.

First Known Use of FUME

14th century


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May 23, 2015
debouch Hear it
to emerge or cause to emerge
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