Simple Definition of extirpate
: to destroy or remove (something) completely
Examples of extirpate in a sentence
<the triumph of modern medicine in extirpating certain diseases>
Did You Know?
If we do a little digging, we discover that "extirpate" finds its roots in, well, roots (and stumps). Early English uses of the word in the 16th century carried the meaning of "to clear of stumps" or "to pull something up by the root." "Extirpate" grew out of a combination of the Latin prefix ex- and the Latin noun stirps, meaning "trunk" or "root." The word stirp itself remains rooted in our own language as a term meaning "a line descending from a common ancestor."
Origin and Etymology of extirpate
Latin exstirpatus, past participle of exstirpare, from ex- + stirp-, stirps trunk, root
First Known Use: 1535
Synonym Discussion of extirpate
Seen and Heard
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