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adjective en·dem·ic \en-ˈde-mik, in-\

Simple Definition of endemic

  • : growing or existing in a certain place or region

  • : common in a particular area or field

Source: Merriam-Webster's Learner's Dictionary

Full Definition of endemic

  1. 1 a :  belonging or native to a particular people or country b :  characteristic of or prevalent in a particular field, area, or environment <problems endemic to translation> <the self-indulgence endemic in the film industry>

  2. 2 :  restricted or peculiar to a locality or region <endemic diseases> <an endemic species>


play \-ˈde-mi-k(ə-)lē\ adverb


play \ˌen-ˌde-ˈmi-sə-tē, -də-ˈmi-\ noun


play \ˈen-də-ˌmi-zəm\ noun

Examples of endemic in a sentence

  1. Divorce has become so endemic in our society that a whole lore has risen up around it: that divorce is a temporary crisis; that so many children have experienced their parents' divorce that children nowadays do not worry much about it; that in fact it makes things easier, and it is itself a mere rite of passage; that if the parents feel better, so will the children. —Elisabeth Lasch-Quinn, New Republic, 6 May 2002

  2. The rap performers I enjoy are those who emphasize production values, songcraft and that quality of playfulness endemic to all good pop. —Francis Davis, Atlantic, October 1993

  3. Situated only 250 miles off the coast of Africa, Madagascar is biologically unique. Not only does it have a rich animal and plant life, it also houses a huge number of endemic species found nowhere else on earth. —Jim Milliot et al., Publishers Weekly, 15 May 2000

  4. <the fish is not an endemic species of the lake, and it is rapidly devouring the native trout population>

Did You Know?

If you translate it literally, endemic means "in the population." It derives from the Greek endēmos, which joins en, meaning "in," and dēmos, meaning "population." "Endemic" is often used to characterize diseases that are generally found in a particular area; malaria, for example, is said to be endemic to tropical and subtropical regions. This use differs from that of the related word epidemic in that it indicates a more or less constant presence in a particular population or area rather than a sudden, severe outbreak within that region or group. The word is also used by biologists to characterize the plant and animal species that are only found in a given area.

Origin and Etymology of endemic

French endémique, from endémie endemic disease, from Greek endēmia action of dwelling, from endēmos endemic, from en in + dēmos people, populace — more at demagogue

First Known Use: 1759

Synonym Discussion of endemic

native, indigenous, endemic, aboriginal mean belonging to a locality. native implies birth or origin in a place or region and may suggest compatibility with it <native tribal customs>. indigenous applies to species or races and adds to native the implication of not having been introduced from elsewhere <maize is indigenous to America>. endemic implies being peculiar to a region <edelweiss is endemic in the Alps>. aboriginal implies having no known race preceding in occupancy of the region <the aboriginal peoples of Australia>.

Other Anthropology Terms



noun en·dem·ic \en-ˈde-mik, in-\

Definition of endemic

  1. :  an organism that is restricted or peculiar to a locality or region :  an endemic organism

Origin and Etymology of endemic

(see 1endemic)

First Known Use: 1926

Medical Dictionary



adjective en·dem·ic \en-ˈdem-ik, in-\

Medical Definition of endemic

  1. :  restricted or peculiar to a locality or region <endemic diseases> <an endemic species>—compare epidemic 1, sporadic 1


\-ˈdem-i-k(ə-)lē\play adverb



noun en·dem·ic

Medical Definition of endemic

  1. 1:  an endemic disease or an instance of its occurrence

  2. 2:  an endemic organism

Seen and Heard

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to permeate or influence as if by dyeing

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