Quantcast
Merriam-Webster Logo
  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
  • Medical
  • Scrabble
  • Spanish Central
  • Learner's Dictionary

clostridium

play
noun clos·trid·i·um \klä-ˈstri-dē-əm\

Definition of clostridium

plural clos·trid·iaplay \-dē-ə\

  1. :  any of a genus (Clostridium) of spore-forming mostly anaerobic soil or intestinal bacteria — compare botulism, tetanus

clos·trid·i·al play \-dē-əl\ adjective


Origin of clostridium

New Latin, genus name, from Greek klōstēr spindle, from klōthein to spin


First Known Use: 1884


Medical Dictionary

clostridium

play
noun clos·trid·i·um \kläs-ˈtrid-ē-əm\

Medical Definition of clostridium

  1. 1 capitalized :  a genus of saprophytic rod-shaped or spindle-shaped usually gram-positive bacteria of the family Bacillaceae that are anaerobic or require very little free oxygen and are nearly cosmopolitan in soil, water, sewage, and animal and human intestines, that are very active biochemically comprising numerous fermenters of carbohydrates with vigorous production of acid and gas, many nitrogen-fixers, and others which rapidly putrefy proteins, and that include important pathogens—see blackleg, botulism, gas gangrene, tetanus bacillus

  2. 2plural clos·trid·ia \-ē-ə\play a:  any bacterium of the genus Clostridiumb:  a spindle-shaped or ovoid bacterial cell; especially :  one swollen at the center by an endospore

  3. clos·trid·i·al \-ē-əl\play adjective




Learn More about clostridium


Seen and Heard

What made you want to look up clostridium? Please tell us where you read or heard it (including the quote, if possible).

WORD OF THE DAY

February 11, 2016

the holder of an office

Get Word of the Day daily email!

WORD GAMES

Take a 3-minute break and test your skills!

image33683556

How much does a batman (the Turkish unit of measurement) weigh?

16.96 pounds 2.2 pounds 100 pounds 196.5 pounds
Name That Thing

10 quick questions: hear them, spell them, and see how your skills compare to the crowd.

TAKE THE QUIZ
SCRABBLE® Sprint

Test Your Knowledge - and learn some interesting things along the way.

TAKE THE QUIZ