noun \ˈbōl-shə-ˌvik, ˈbl-, ˈbäl-, -ˌvēk\

: a member of the political party that started to rule Russia in 1917 or a member of a similar political party

plural Bolsheviks also Bol·she·vi·ki \ˌbōl-shə-ˈvi-kē, ˌbl-, ˌbäl-, -ˈvē-kē\

Full Definition of BOLSHEVIK

:  a member of the extremist wing of the Russian Social Democratic party that seized power in Russia by the Revolution of November 1917
:  communist 3
Bolshevik adjective


Russian bol'shevik, from bol'shiĭ greater
First Known Use: 1917


noun    (Concise Encyclopedia)

(Russian: “member of the majority”) Member of the wing of the Russian Social-Democratic Workers' Party led by Vladimir Ilich Lenin that seized control in the Russian Revolution of 1917. The group arose in 1903 when Lenin's followers insisted that party membership be restricted to professional or full-time revolutionaries. Though they joined with their rivals, the Mensheviks (“members of the minority”), in the Russian Revolution of 1905, the two groups later split, and in 1912 Lenin formed his own party. Its appeal grew among urban workers and soldiers during World War I. See also Communist Party, Leninism.


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