noun \bə-ˈsün, ba-\

: a large musical instrument that is shaped like a tube, makes low sounds, and is played by blowing into a small, thin tube in its side

Full Definition of BASSOON

:  a double-reed woodwind instrument having a long U-shaped conical tube connected to the mouthpiece by a thin metal tube and a usual range two octaves lower than that of the oboe
bas·soon·ist \-ˈsü-nist\ noun

Illustration of BASSOON

Origin of BASSOON

French basson, from Italian bassone, from basso
First Known Use: 1724


noun    (Concise Encyclopedia)

Bassoon.—Courtesy of United Musical Instruments U.S.A., Inc., Elkhart, Indiana

Principal tenor and bass instrument of the orchestral woodwind family. Its mouthpiece has a double reed attached to a curved metal crook, which leads to a narrow conical bore that doubles back on itself (to keep its length manageable). It developed from the older curtal (or dulzian) in the 17th century. An agile instrument with a mild tone, it has a range of 3 octaves, starting at B-flat two octaves below middle C. The contrabassoon, a large metal instrument whose tubing doubles back four times, has a range an octave lower.


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