antitoxin


an·ti·tox·in

noun \ˌan-ti-ˈtäk-sən\

Definition of ANTITOXIN

:  an antibody that is capable of neutralizing the specific toxin (as a specific causative agent of disease) that stimulated its production in the body and is produced in animals for medical purposes by injection of a toxin or toxoid with the resulting serum being used to counteract the toxin in other individuals; also :  an antiserum containing antitoxins

Origin of ANTITOXIN

International Scientific Vocabulary
First Known Use: circa 1890

Rhymes with ANTITOXIN

an·ti·tox·in

noun \ˌant-i-ˈtäk-sən\   (Medical Dictionary)

Medical Definition of ANTITOXIN

: an antibody that is capable of neutralizing the specific toxin (as a specific causative agent of disease) that stimulated its production in the body and is produced in animals for medical purposes by injection of a toxin or toxoid with the resulting serum being used to counteract the toxin in other individuals; also : an antiserum containing antitoxins

antitoxin

noun    (Concise Encyclopedia)

Antibody formed in the body in reaction to a bacterial toxin, which it can neutralize. People who have recovered from bacterial diseases often develop specific antitoxins that give them immunity against recurrence. Injecting an animal (usually a horse) with increasing doses of toxin produces a high concentration of antitoxin in the blood. The resulting highly concentrated preparation of antitoxins is called an antiserum. The first antitoxin developed (1890) was specific to diphtheria; today, antitoxins are also used to treat botulism, dysentery, gas gangrene, and tetanus.

Browse

Next Word in the Dictionary: antitrades
Previous Word in the Dictionary: antitoxic
All Words Near: antitoxin

Seen & Heard

What made you want to look up antitoxin? Please tell us where you read or heard it (including the quote, if possible).

Get Our Free Apps
Voice Search, Favorites,
Word of the Day, and More
Join Us on FB & Twitter
Get the Word of the Day and More