sufficiency

noun

suf·​fi·​cien·​cy sə-ˈfi-shən(t)-sē How to pronounce sufficiency (audio)
plural sufficiencies
1
: sufficient means to meet one's needs : competency
also : a modest but adequate scale of living
2
: the quality or state of being sufficient : adequacy

Example Sentences

the sufficiency of the portions is such that you will leave the restaurant with a full stomach but without doggie bags
Recent Examples on the Web But self-sufficiency is a tricky beast, as both the Sino-U.S. trade conflict and Russia’s current travails are demonstrating. Jacky Wong, WSJ, 8 Mar. 2022 Madame Walker regularly extended franchising and wholesaling opportunities to those in need of direct relief as a means of encouraging their self-sufficiency. Raquel "rocky" Harris, Forbes, 1 Sep. 2021 Their newfound self-sufficiency is a boon not only for the research, but also for each other. Wudan Yan, The Atlantic, 7 Apr. 2021 The idea that the arrival of TSMC’s factory in Arizona represents a new era of self-sufficiency or the end of globalization is a fantasy. Chris Miller, The Atlantic, 28 Dec. 2022 In addition to its empowering messages of self-sufficiency, Black nationalism broke with non-violent Kingian theologies and attempted to shred the social compact between Black and Jewish people. Goldie Taylor, Rolling Stone, 6 Nov. 2022 Next week’s party congress and related political events are expected to endorse both Mr. Xi’s third term and his broad agenda of self-sufficiency. Ann Scott Tyson, The Christian Science Monitor, 14 Oct. 2022 Many soldiers fear the stigma of admitting to mental health issues within the internal military culture of self-sufficiency. Ashraf Khalil, Anchorage Daily News, 10 Oct. 2022 Many soldiers fear the stigma of admitting to mental health issues within the internal military culture of self-sufficiency. Ashraf Khalil, BostonGlobe.com, 10 Oct. 2022 See More

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'sufficiency.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

Word History

Etymology

earlier sufficience in same sense (going back to Middle English, borrowed from Anglo-French, borrowed from Late Latin sufficientia, from Latin sufficient-, sufficiens sufficient + -ia -ia entry 1) + -ency

First Known Use

15th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1

Time Traveler
The first known use of sufficiency was in the 15th century

Dictionary Entries Near sufficiency

Cite this Entry

“Sufficiency.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/sufficiency. Accessed 2 Feb. 2023.

Kids Definition

sufficiency

noun
suf·​fi·​cien·​cy sə-ˈfish-ən-sē How to pronounce sufficiency (audio)
plural sufficiencies
1
: sufficient means to meet one's needs
2
: the quality or state of being sufficient : adequacy

Legal Definition

sufficiency

noun
suf·​fi·​cien·​cy
: the quality or state of being sufficient
the sufficiency of the evidence to convict

More from Merriam-Webster on sufficiency

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