sub·​se·​quent | \ ˈsəb-si-kwənt How to pronounce subsequent (audio) , -sə-ˌkwent \

Essential Meaning of subsequent

formal : happening or coming after something else The rate of population growth reached a peak in 1999 and declined in subsequent years. Her work had a great influence on subsequent generations. See More ExamplesSubsequent studies confirmed their findings. his arrest and subsequent convictionHide

Full Definition of subsequent

: following in time, order, or place subsequent events a subsequent clause in the treaty

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Other Words from subsequent

subsequent noun

Subsequent vs. Consequent

The English language has many ways to indicate that something has come after another thing, but a number of these words have subtle differences that you may want to observe.

Something is subsequent if it follows something else in time, order, or place. Its meaning is very similar to that of following or later, but it has a more formal tone to it and may imply that something not only follows but in some way grows out of or is otherwise closely connected with what precedes it (“their courtship and subsequent marriage”).

Consequent may also be used of something that follows, but that does so explicitly as a result of something else (“I said an insensitive thing and the consequent argument lasted for days”).

There may be occasions when either subsequent or consequent would work ("her wounding and subsequent [or consequent] loss of blood"); your choice in such cases would depend upon whether you want to stress the order of events or the causal relationship between one event and another.

Examples of subsequent in a Sentence

Her subsequent account of her ordeal, "The Upstairs Room" (1972), was a young adult tour de force, winning a Newbery Honor and other awards. Compared with Anne Frank's "Diary of a Young Girl," it is sparer and sterner. — Leslie Garis, New York Times Book Review, 22 Feb. 2009 In the past, collectors would often hand over partial ownership of a painting—usually from 10% to 20%—and take a tax deduction for an equivalent percentage of the appraised value. The write-off on subsequent donations could rise each time the painting's value grew. Donors got a tax break, and museums got the art to exhibit for a period of time each year. Many such paintings were ultimately bequeathed to the museums. — Jeanne McDowell, Time, 20 Nov. 2006 In 1991, the Nurses' Health Study found that women receiving hormone therapy (estrogen and progestin) enjoyed a big (44 percent) reduction in the risk of coronary artery disease, and millions of women were encouraged to begin the therapy to counteract the effects of menopause. But in 2002, the Women's Health Initiative produced a radically different conclusion: Hormone therapy increases the risk of coronary events in post-menopausal women by 20 percent. A subsequent study confirmed that result. Wilson Quarterly, Autumn 2005 The rate of population growth reached a peak in 1999 and declined in subsequent years. Her work had a great influence on subsequent generations. Subsequent studies confirmed their findings. his arrest and subsequent conviction
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Recent Examples on the Web Last year’s competition — launched in the throes of the pandemic and its subsequent baking craze — saw a record number of entries, with 140 recipes vying for top honors. Ariel Cheung,, 20 Oct. 2021 Reiner’s revelations, and subsequent reporting by Farley Elliott and Matt Kang, ignited a scandal among Belcampo’s most ardent fans. Jeremy Repanich, Robb Report, 19 Oct. 2021 But subsequent Covid-19 surges have now prompted the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and the U.S. State Department to essentially say don’t go there. Bruce Y. Lee, Forbes, 19 Oct. 2021 But even though the Brooklyn Nets are still the popular choice to win the Eastern Conference (and subsequent 2022 championship), the Bucks aren't far behind. Jr Radcliffe, Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, 19 Oct. 2021 The family of Elijah McClain has reached a settlement with the city of Aurora over his violent arrest and subsequent death, city officials said. Marlene Lenthang, ABC News, 19 Oct. 2021 Typically, those pay an amount for the first use — for example, $429 for an audio commercial played just in Los Angeles — then smaller amounts for subsequent uses. Los Angeles Times, 19 Oct. 2021 Shouldn’t the invasion of Crimea have led to a subsequent Russian invasion of Eastern Ukraine, or even a foray into the Baltic states? Michael A. Cohen, The New Republic, 18 Oct. 2021 Positive cases in classrooms and subsequent quarantines requires more communication with families, putting extra administrative duties on educators. Washington Post, 18 Oct. 2021

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'subsequent.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of subsequent

15th century, in the meaning defined above

History and Etymology for subsequent

Middle English, from Anglo-French, from Latin subsequent-, subsequens, present participle of subsequi to follow close, from sub- near + sequi to follow — more at sub-, sue

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Time Traveler for subsequent

Time Traveler

The first known use of subsequent was in the 15th century

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Dictionary Entries Near subsequent



subsequent condition

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Last Updated

21 Oct 2021

Cite this Entry

“Subsequent.” Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, Accessed 27 Oct. 2021.

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More Definitions for subsequent


sub·​se·​quent | \ ˈsəb-si-kwənt How to pronounce subsequent (audio) \

Kids Definition of subsequent

: following in time, order, or place subsequent events

Other Words from subsequent

subsequently adverb


sub·​se·​quent | \ ˈsəb-si-kwənt, -ˌkwent How to pronounce subsequent (audio) \

Legal Definition of subsequent

: following in time, order, or space — see also condition subsequent at condition — compare precedent

More from Merriam-Webster on subsequent

Nglish: Translation of subsequent for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of subsequent for Arabic Speakers


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