stubborn

adjective

stub·​born ˈstə-bərn How to pronounce stubborn (audio)
1
a(1)
: unreasonably or perversely unyielding : mulish
(2)
: justifiably unyielding : resolute
b
: suggestive or typical of a strong stubborn nature
a stubborn jaw
2
: performed or carried on in an unyielding, obstinate, or persistent manner
stubborn effort
3
: difficult to handle, manage, or treat
a stubborn cold
4
: lasting
stubborn facts
stubbornly adverb
stubbornness noun

Did you know?

Stubborn as a Mule (Or Some Other Animal)

Most of us are familiar with the expression stubborn as a mule, which some feel is unfair to this hybrid animal. In fairness to the mule, let us look at some of the other animals that the English language has seen fit to equate with stubbornness over the years. John Wolcot wrote of being “as stubborn as a halter’d ram.” In the 19th century satirical work The Family of the Seisers, a character is described as being “as stubborn as a dog-fish.” And a character in Maria Edgeworth’s play Love and Law describes her own hair as “stubborn as a Presbyterian.” These curious phrases are, however, exceptional: the mule is by far the most commonly referenced animal when describing stubbornness. We have been using as stubborn as a mule since at least 1771, when the expression appears in Tobias Smollett’s The Expedition of Humphry Clinker.

Choose the Right Synonym for stubborn

obstinate, dogged, stubborn, pertinacious, mulish mean fixed and unyielding in course or purpose.

obstinate implies usually an unreasonable persistence.

an obstinate proponent of conspiracy theories

dogged suggests an admirable often tenacious and unwavering persistence.

pursued the story with dogged perseverance

stubborn implies sturdiness in resisting change which may or may not be admirable.

a person too stubborn to admit error

pertinacious suggests an annoying or irksome persistence.

a pertinacious salesclerk refusing to take no for an answer

mulish implies a thoroughly unreasonable obstinacy.

a mulish determination to have his own way

Example Sentences

Louise was not the first to posit the idea of a miniature horse ancestral to the Arab; but she was the only one stubborn enough to prove it. Jason Elliot, Mirrors of the Unseen, 2006 To remove stubborn price tags from items like dishes and glassware, I use a cotton pad or Q-tip soaked with rubbing alcohol. The alcohol dissolves the sticky glue and doesn't mess up my manicure. Kathe Palmucci, Real Simple, April 2003 In the search for strategies to deal with the stubborn and deadly problem of driving under the influence, many cops are turning to an unusual tactic: Recruiting volunteer drinkers and drug users to teach officers to recognize impaired drivers. Russell Gold, Wall Street Journal, 29 Oct. 2002 She's wrong, but she's too stubborn to admit it. I admire his stubborn refusal to quit. trying to treat a stubborn infection See More
Recent Examples on the Web Bree is brave, as all around her remind her repeatedly, but so stubborn, endangering her friends and forcing sacrifices. Felecia Wellington Radel, USA TODAY, 7 Nov. 2022 Lestat then reveals his heart, calling Louis angry, stubborn, unaccommodating, dedicated, thoughtful, loving. Sara Netzley, EW.com, 10 Oct. 2022 The premise is a mix of Yellowstone and The Sopranos (a series Winter worked on), with organized crime intrigue mixed into the story of a stubborn old man struggling to adjust to changing times. Noel Murray, Chron, 11 Nov. 2022 A single month of moderate improvement in the data was not enough to make central bankers confident that still-rapid price increases will quickly fade, especially after more than a year and a half of stubborn inflation and frequent false dawns. Jeanna Smialek, BostonGlobe.com, 11 Nov. 2022 For stubborn spots, spritz a little vinegar on the glass and wipe until completely dry. Shannon Quimby, Better Homes & Gardens, 10 Nov. 2022 Price at time of publish: $599 Dusty corners and stubborn pet hair are no match for this ultra-high-tech, top-of-the-line vacuum. Cai Cramer, Peoplemag, 10 Nov. 2022 His characterization of a stubborn man is subtle, oftentimes humorous, and heartbreaking. Robert English, EW.com, 10 Nov. 2022 Investors are bracing for the possibility that a second year of stubborn inflation could force the Fed to lift interest rates above levels not seen in more than 20 years. WSJ, 10 Nov. 2022 See More

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'stubborn.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

Word History

Etymology

Middle English stibourne, stuborn

First Known Use

14th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1a(1)

Time Traveler
The first known use of stubborn was in the 14th century

Dictionary Entries Near stubborn

Cite this Entry

“Stubborn.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/stubborn. Accessed 29 Nov. 2022.

Kids Definition

stubborn

adjective

stub·​born ˈstəb-ərn How to pronounce stubborn (audio)
1
a
: hard to convince, persuade, or move
stubborn as a mule
b
: having or characterized by a firm idea or purpose : determined
stubborn courage
2
: done or continued in a firm and determined manner
stubborn refusal
3
: difficult to handle, manage, or treat
stubborn hair
stubbornly adverb
stubbornness noun

More from Merriam-Webster on stubborn

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