stock

noun
\ ˈstäk How to pronounce stock (audio) \

Definition of stock

 (Entry 1 of 3)

1a : a store or supply accumulated or available especially : the inventory of goods of a merchant or manufacturer
b(1) : the equipment, materials, or supplies of an establishment
(2) : livestock
2a : the proprietorship element in a corporation usually divided into shares and represented by transferable certificates
b : a portion of such stock of one or more companies
3 : a supporting framework or structure: such as
a stocks plural : a device for publicly punishing offenders consisting of a wooden frame with holes in which the feet or feet and hands can be locked
b(1) : the wooden part by which a shoulder arm is held during firing
(2) : the butt of an implement (such as a whip or fishing rod)
(3) : bitstock, brace
c : a long beam on a field gun forming the third support point in firing
d stocks plural : the frame or timbers holding a ship during construction
4a(1) : the descendants of one individual : family, lineage of European stock
(2) : a compound organism
b : the original (such as a person, race, or language) from which others derive : source
c : an infraspecific group usually having unity of descent
d(1) : a related group of languages
(2) : a language family
5a : liquid in which meat, fish, or vegetables have been simmered that is used as a basis for soup, gravy, or sauce
b(1) : raw material from which something is manufactured
(2) : paper used for printing
c : the portion of a pack of cards not distributed to the players at the beginning of a game
6a : confidence or faith placed in someone or something put little stock in his testimony
b(1) : an estimate or evaluation of something take stock of the situation
(2) : the estimation in which someone or something is held his stock with the electorate remains highNewsweek
7a : the main stem of a plant : trunk
b(1) : a plant or plant part united with a scion in grafting and supplying mostly underground parts to a graft
(2) : a plant from which slips or cuttings are taken
8 : the production and presentation of plays by a stock company
10 : the crosspiece of an anchor — see anchor illustration
11a(1) : the part of a tally formerly given to the creditor in a transaction
(2) : a debt or fund due (as from a government) for money loaned at interest also, British : capital or a debt or fund bearing interest in perpetuity and not ordinarily redeemable as to principal
b archaic : a supply of capital : funds especially : money or capital invested or available for investment or trading
12 : any of a genus (Matthiola) of Old World herbs or subshrubs of the mustard family with racemes of usually sweet-scented flowers
13 : a wide band or scarf worn about the neck especially by some clergymen
14a(1) : a dull, stupid, or lifeless person
(2) archaic : something without life or consciousness
b archaic : stump
c archaic : a log or block of wood
in stock
: on hand : in the store and ready for delivery
out of stock
: having no more on hand : completely sold out

stock

verb
stocked; stocking; stocks

Definition of stock (Entry 2 of 3)

transitive verb

1 : to procure or keep a stock of our store stocks that brand
2 : to provide with stock or a stock : supply stock a stream with trout
3 : to fit to or with a stock
4 : to graze (livestock) on land
5 : to make (a domestic animal) pregnant

intransitive verb

1 : to put in stock or supplies stock up on canned goods
2 : to send out new shoots

stock

adjective

Definition of stock (Entry 3 of 3)

1a : commonly used or brought forward : standard the stock answer
b : kept regularly in stock comes in stock sizes a stock model
2 : employed in handling, checking, or taking care of the stock of merchandise on hand a stock clerk
3a : kept for breeding purposes : brood a stock mare
b : devoted to the breeding and rearing of livestock a stock farm
c : used or intended for livestock a stock train
d : used in herding livestock a stock horse a stock dog
4 : of or relating to a stock company

Examples of stock in a Sentence

Noun That camera is out of stock. Do you have any more light bulbs in stock? They carry a large stock of computer software. We built up an ample stock of food before the storm. She always seems to have a fresh stock of funny jokes. The value of his stocks has soared. Most of her money is invested in stocks. Do you own any stock? Verb Our store stocks only the finest goods. Do you stock this item? The bar is stocked with beer, wine and liquor. They stocked the shelves in the store with a variety of imported foods. Adjective Here are the stock patterns you can choose from. She gave a stock answer to the reporter's question. a dull narrative with stock characters That item is a stock model. See More
Recent Examples on the Web: Noun Barrels of ink have been spilled accusing the Fed of boosting stock prices, and thus the rich, by keeping interest rates low. Roger Lowenstein, WSJ, 5 Aug. 2022 Companies and the economy can do well, and when that happens more investors want in and stock prices go up. Q.ai - Powering A Personal Wealth Movement, Forbes, 3 Aug. 2022 On Tuesday, the stock prices of major Taiwanese firms fell amid the rising tensions. Grady Mcgregor, Fortune, 2 Aug. 2022 The biggest tech companies reported numbers that were less pessimistic than Wall Street had feared, and the stock prices of Apple, Amazon, Google and Microsoft all rose after their earnings reports came out. Gerrit De Vynck, Rachel Lerman, Caroline O'donovan, Anchorage Daily News, 1 Aug. 2022 The biggest tech companies reported numbers that were less pessimistic than Wall Street had feared, and the stock prices of Apple, Amazon, Google and Microsoft all rose after their earnings reports came out. Caroline O'donovan, Washington Post, 30 July 2022 That would mean higher unemployment, rising layoffs and further downward pressure on stock prices. Christopher Rugaber, ajc, 27 July 2022 That would mean higher unemployment, rising layoffs and further downward pressure on stock prices. Christopher Rugaber, BostonGlobe.com, 27 July 2022 Higher interest rates are meant to slow the economy, which can stunt revenues for companies, potentially damaging their growth and stock prices, according to Forbes. Editors, USA TODAY, 27 July 2022 Recent Examples on the Web: Verb This is a good time to stock up on late summer fashions and to prepare for the upcoming fall and winter seasons. cleveland, 15 July 2022 So there's never been a better time to stock up on the vital ingredient to your cool-girl summer hair look. ELLE, 13 July 2022 Major shopping events like Prime Day are the perfect time to stock up on basics at low prices, and right now, one of the brands that does it best — Hanes — is majorly on sale right before Amazon's two-day shopping extravaganza kicks off. Claire Harmeyer, PEOPLE.com, 11 July 2022 From a dreamy Loulou Studio cardigan to a virgin wool dress by Altuzarra, the time to stock up on cozy knits—at a fraction of the price—is now. Alexis Bennett, Vogue, 14 July 2022 On average, across all 18 products, regardless of which products facilities chose to stock, … services reduced the percentage of days without a medical product by 5.7 percentage points (pp) compared to 50% in control group 3. Harrison Wolf, Forbes, 17 June 2022 President Biden says officials are working to increase the supply of overseas shipments to stock shelves in the short term. Kelsee Majette, The Week, 18 May 2022 Don't delay, be wise and stock up on some of the best deals on the internet before class is in session. Kelsey Mulvey, Good Housekeeping, 12 July 2022 Prime Day is one of the best times to stock up on electric toothbrushes and water flossers, both of which run the price gamut from $30 to $200 and beyond. Lauren Dana Ellman, Allure, 12 July 2022 Recent Examples on the Web: Adjective And the reassuringly stock characters require no special actorly finesse to bring to life. Ben Brantley, New York Times, 27 Mar. 2020 Anne Carpenter, an owner of an Ace Hardware store in Berkeley, said the retailer doesn’t usually stock air conditioners. Melia Russell, SFChronicle.com, 11 June 2019 The Red Branch production directed by Stephanie Lynn Williams features an endearing cast whose performances make potentially stock characters spring to life. Mike Giuliano, Columbia Flier, 23 Aug. 2017 See More

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'stock.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

First Known Use of stock

Noun

before the 12th century, in the meaning defined at sense 14b

Verb

15th century, in the meaning defined at transitive sense 5

Adjective

1625, in the meaning defined at sense 1b

History and Etymology for stock

Noun

Middle English stok, from Old English stocc; akin to Old High German stoc stick

Buying Guide

The Britannica Reviews team has selected the best investing resources for beginners.

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Time Traveler for stock

Time Traveler

The first known use of stock was before the 12th century

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Dictionary Entries Near stock

stochastic

stock

stock account

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Statistics for stock

Last Updated

7 Aug 2022

Cite this Entry

“Stock.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/stock. Accessed 15 Aug. 2022.

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More Definitions for stock

stock

noun
\ ˈstäk How to pronounce stock (audio) \

Kids Definition of stock

 (Entry 1 of 3)

1 : the whole supply or amount on hand Our stock of food is running low.
2 stocks plural : a wooden frame with holes to hold the feet or the feet and hands once used to punish a wrongdoer publicly
3 : the wooden part by which a rifle or shotgun is held against the shoulder during firing
4 : the source from which others descend : ancestry He is of Irish stock.
5 : farm animals : livestock, cattle
6 : a part ownership in a business that can be traded independently
7 : liquid in which meat, fish, or vegetables have been simmered
in stock
: on hand : in the store and available for purchase

stock

verb
stocked; stocking

Kids Definition of stock (Entry 2 of 3)

1 : to provide with or get supplies especially for future use I'm stocking up on groceries.
2 : to get or keep a supply of That store stocks only the best goods.

stock

adjective

Kids Definition of stock (Entry 3 of 3)

1 : kept regularly in supply especially for sale The window comes in stock sizes.
2 : commonly used : standard He gave a stock answer.

stock

noun
\ ˈstäk How to pronounce stock (audio) \

Medical Definition of stock

: a population, colony, or culture of organisms used for scientific research or medical purposes smallpox virus stocks retained for research into new vaccines and treatments against smallpox

stock

noun

Legal Definition of stock

1a : the equipment, materials, or supplies of a business
b : a store or supply accumulated especially : the inventory of the goods of a merchant or manufacturer
2 : the ownership element in a corporation usually divided into shares and represented by transferable certificates also : the certificate evidencing ownership of one or more shares of stock
capital stock
1 : the stock that a corporation may issue under its charter including both common and preferred stock
2 : the outstanding shares of a joint stock company considered as an aggregate
common stock
: a class of stock whose holders share in company profits (as through dividends) on a pro rata basis, may vote for directors and on important matters such as mergers, and may have limited access to information not publicly available
cumulative preferred stock
: preferred stock whose holders are entitled to the payment of cumulative dividends as well as current dividends before common stockholders are paid
growth stock
: stock issued by a growth company
margin stock
: stock that may be purchased in a margin account
no-par value stock
: stock issued with no par value which may be carried for corporate accounting purposes as part of the capital stock or as part of the capital surplus to the extent allowed by law

called also no-par stock

penny stock
: the stock of a small company not listed on a major exchange and traditionally selling at less than a dollar a share
preferred stock
: a class of corporate stock whose holders are guaranteed payment of dividends and a share of asset distribution before the holders of common stock but are usually denied voting rights
Treasury stock
: stock that is reacquired and held by the issuing company (as to increase the market value of traded shares)
voting stock
: stock (as common stock) entitling the holder to vote in matters of corporate governance
watered stock
: stock issued with a par value greater than the value of the underlying assets

More from Merriam-Webster on stock

Nglish: Translation of stock for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of stock for Arabic Speakers

Britannica.com: Encyclopedia article about stock

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