\ ˈrüf How to pronounce roof (audio) , ˈru̇f How to pronounce roof (audio) \
plural roofs\ ˈrüfs How to pronounce roof (audio) , ˈru̇fs also  ˈrüvz , ˈru̇vz How to pronounce roof (audio) \

Definition of roof

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1a(1) : the cover of a building
(2) : material used for a roof : roofing
b : the roof of a dwelling conventionally designating the home itself didn't have a roof over my head they share the same roof
2a : the highest point : summit
b : an upper limit : ceiling
3a : the vaulted upper boundary of the mouth
b : a covering structure of any of various parts of the body roof of the skull
4 : something suggesting a roof: such as
a : a canopy of leaves and branches
b : the top over the passenger section of a vehicle
through the roof
: to an extremely or excessively high level prices went through the roof


roofed; roofing; roofs

Definition of roof (Entry 2 of 2)

transitive verb

1a : to cover with or as if with a roof
b : to provide with a particular kind of roof or roofing often used in combination slate-roofed houses
2 : to constitute a roof over

Illustration of roof

Illustration of roof


roof 1a(1): 1 gambrel, 2 mansard, 3 hip, 4 lean-to

In the meaning defined above

Other Words from roof


roofed \ ˈrüft How to pronounce roof (audio) , ˈru̇ft \ adjective
roofless \ ˈrü-​fləs How to pronounce roof (audio) , ˈru̇-​ \ adjective
rooflike \ ˈrüf-​ˌlīk How to pronounce roof (audio) , ˈru̇f-​ \ adjective


roofer noun

Examples of roof in a Sentence

Noun the roof of a car The roof of the old barn collapsed. He bit into a hot slice of pizza and burned the roof of his mouth. Verb fed and roofed the emergency volunteers for a week
Recent Examples on the Web: Noun Sales of trailers, fifth wheels, campers, motorhomes, and custom vans were going through the roof. Jeff And Patti Kinzbach, cleveland, 22 June 2022 Rain leaked through the roof of the arena, delaying the game. Jay Nordlinger, National Review, 22 June 2022 The price shot through the roof, and the bag ended up selling for 350,000 robux ($4,115), which is $715 more than the physical bag cost. Scott Leatherman, Forbes, 21 June 2022 Scorching temperatures and rising electricity prices are sending utility bills in San Antonio through the roof. Timothy Fanning, San Antonio Express-News, 17 June 2022 When Andy finally says goodbye to his box of trusty toys, namely his cowboy Woody, the sentimentality charts through the roof, and most of us are left broken men and women. Ben Flanagan |, al, 17 June 2022 The entertainment factor with that would ratchet through the roof. Gordon Monson, The Salt Lake Tribune, 7 June 2022 This worked wonders for me, and my productivity went through the roof. Annie Lane, oregonlive, 5 June 2022 And even though inflation has been going through the roof, the tight labor market has helped to keep people spending for now. Anneken Tappe, CNN, 3 June 2022 Recent Examples on the Web: Verb Others attach lights to roof racks or cargo baskets. Wes Siler, Outside Online, 26 Jan. 2021 The sites offer people a bed, roof over their heads and security. Sarah Ravani, San Francisco Chronicle, 11 Apr. 2022 Photos showed a storm ripped the wall and roof off parts of Jacksboro High School and left debris scattered in the city about 60 miles northwest of Fort Worth. Christine Fernando, USA TODAY, 22 Mar. 2022 Visibility is also excellent for a mid-engined supercar, roof up or down, giving you more confidence in traffic. Tim Pitt, Robb Report, 26 Jan. 2022 This means Lotus can lower the floor, seats, and roof to drop the ride height to 105 mm. Jeremy White, Wired, 1 Jan. 2022 On the first the Hawks initially stifled the rush but allowed Jeannot to get ahead of the defense as a trailer and roof it on a sharp angle past Soderblom off Colton Sissons’ feed. Phil Thompson,, 1 Jan. 2022 Stego translates roughly to roof, while uros means tail. Joshua Hawkins, BGR, 8 Dec. 2021 Tile is a key component in residential construction, cladding many homes’ floors, backsplashes and shower surrounds for decades, and more recently expanding to porcelain slab countertops, cabinet fronts, outdoor spaces and even roof surfacing. Jamie Gold, Forbes, 30 Oct. 2021 See More

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'roof.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

First Known Use of roof


before the 12th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1a(1)


15th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1a

History and Etymology for roof


Middle English, from Old English hrōf; akin to Old Norse hrōf roof of a boathouse and perhaps to Old Church Slavonic stropŭ roof

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Time Traveler for roof

Time Traveler

The first known use of roof was before the 12th century

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Dictionary Entries Near roof

rood tower



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Statistics for roof

Last Updated

30 Jun 2022

Cite this Entry

“Roof.” Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, Accessed 30 Jun. 2022.

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More Definitions for roof


\ ˈrüf How to pronounce roof (audio) , ˈru̇f \
plural roofs

Kids Definition of roof

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1 : the upper covering part of a building
2 : something like a roof in form, position, or purpose Barely aware of the earth beneath my feet or the roof of trees above …— Avi, Crispin: The Cross of Lead

Other Words from roof

roofed \ ˈrüft , ˈru̇ft \ adjective


roofed; roofing

Kids Definition of roof (Entry 2 of 2)

: to cover with a roof


\ ˈrüf How to pronounce roof (audio) , ˈru̇f How to pronounce roof (audio) \
plural roofs\ ˈrüfs, ˈru̇fs also ˈrüvz, ˈru̇vz \

Medical Definition of roof

1 : the vaulted upper boundary of the mouth supported largely by the palatine bones and limited anteriorly by the dental lamina and posteriorly by the uvula and upper part of the fauces
2 : a covering structure of any of various parts of the body other than the mouth roof of the skull roof of the dental pulp chamber

More from Merriam-Webster on roof

Nglish: Translation of roof for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of roof for Arabic Speakers Encyclopedia article about roof


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