ro·​bust | \ rō-ˈbəst How to pronounce robust (audio) , ˈrō-(ˌ)bəst \

Essential Meaning of robust

1 : strong and healthy robust young men and women He is in robust health.
2 : strongly formed or built robust furniture
3 : successful or impressive and not likely to fail or weaken a robust company a robust economy She offered a robust [=forceful] argument against the plan.

Full Definition of robust

1a : having or exhibiting strength or vigorous health
b : having or showing vigor, strength, or firmness a robust debate a robust faith
c : strongly formed or constructed : sturdy a robust plastic
d : capable of performing without failure under a wide range of conditions robust software
2 : rough, rude stories … laden with robust, down-home imageryPlayboy
3 : requiring strength or vigor robust work
4 : full-bodied robust coffee also : hearty a robust dinner
5 : relating to, resembling, or being a specialized group of australopithecines characterized especially by heavy molars and small incisors adapted to a vegetarian diet

Note: Robust australopithecines are included in the genus Australopithecus along with gracile forms or placed in the separate genus Paranthropus.

— compare gracile sense 3

Other Words from robust

robustly adverb
robustness \ rō-​ˈbəs(t)-​nəs How to pronounce robust (audio) , ˈrō-​(ˌ)bəs(t)-​ \ noun

Choose the Right Synonym for robust

healthy, sound, wholesome, robust, hale, well mean enjoying or indicative of good health. healthy implies full strength and vigor as well as freedom from signs of disease. a healthy family sound emphasizes the absence of disease, weakness, or malfunction. a sound heart wholesome implies appearance and behavior indicating soundness and balance. a face with a wholesome glow robust implies the opposite of all that is delicate or sickly. a lively, robust little boy hale applies particularly to robustness in old age. still hale at the age of eighty well implies merely freedom from disease or illness. she has never been a well person

Examples of robust in a Sentence

If Singapore, just seven miles to the north with its glittering skyline and robust economy, is Southeast Asia's Cinderella, Batam is her dark sister. — Peter Gwin, National Geographic, October 2007 The greatest gains in mine mechanization came in a burst of innovation following World War II, when robust new machines were developed … — Robert L. Marovelli, Scientific American, September 1982 Humfry was a man whom everyone noticed. His stature was above ordinary, his complexion sanguine, his conversation lively, and his constitution robust. — Samuel Eliot Morison, The European Discovery of America, 1971 Why is almost every robust healthy boy with a robust healthy soul in him, at some time or other crazy to go to sea? — Herman Melville, Moby Dick, 1851 robust young men and women He is in robust health. The sauce has a robust flavor.
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Recent Examples on the Web Few schools in Indiana, though, have adopted robust in-school testing protocols. Arika Herron, The Indianapolis Star, 11 Jan. 2022 Almost 14 million people have signed up for health-insurance coverage under the Affordable Care Act’s open-enrollment period ending Saturday, an increase driven by a robust outreach campaign and broader consumer subsidies. Stephanie Armour, WSJ, 10 Jan. 2022 Tests are also cheaper and more easily accessible in some European countries, aided by preexisting robust public health systems. Jaimie Ding, Anchorage Daily News, 10 Jan. 2022 That would be a robust return most years, and Nike’s sales are growing rapidly. oregonlive, 9 Jan. 2022 At Mayo, which treats thousands of patients who might not mount a robust response to vaccines, clinicians are trying to devise an ethical system for which patients should get any Evusheld the health system receives, Badley said. Andrew Joseph, STAT, 9 Jan. 2022 Economic conditions have improved substantially since the start of the pandemic nearly two years ago, especially in Arizona, which is benefitting from strong job growth, robust retail sales, rising in-migration and other favorable trends. Russ Wiles, The Arizona Republic, 8 Jan. 2022 It’s an original idea shoehorned into a movie that works better in adventure mode, stirred to life by Youki Kojima and Yuta Bandoh’s robust orchestral score. Peter Debruge, Variety, 8 Jan. 2022 Tests are also cheaper and more easily accessible in some European countries, aided by preexisting robust public health systems. Los Angeles Times, 8 Jan. 2022

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'robust.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of robust

15th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1a

History and Etymology for robust

Latin robustus oaken, strong, from robor-, robur oak, strength

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Time Traveler for robust

Time Traveler

The first known use of robust was in the 15th century

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Last Updated

13 Jan 2022

Cite this Entry

“Robust.” Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, Accessed 24 Jan. 2022.

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More Definitions for robust


ro·​bust | \ rō-ˈbəst How to pronounce robust (audio) \

Kids Definition of robust

: strong and healthy

Other Words from robust

robustly adverb

More from Merriam-Webster on robust

Nglish: Translation of robust for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of robust for Arabic Speakers


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