re·​plen·​ish | \ ri-ˈple-nish How to pronounce replenish (audio) \
replenished; replenishing; replenishes

Definition of replenish

transitive verb

1 : to fill or build up again replenish a supply of fuel … London's population was continually being replenished with recruits from the countryside …— Barbara A. Hanawalt … most of her income will be used to replenish the family's almost-depleted savings.— Louis Uchitelle … the fields are rotated every three years with other crops … so that the soil can replenish itself and remain nitrogen rich.— Eugenia Bone Apparently, animals sleep to regulate body temperature, organize memories and replenish the immune system …— Sandra Blakeslee
2a : to fill with persons or animals … be fruitful and multiply and replenish the earthGenesis 1:28 (Authorized Version)
b : to fill with inspiration or power : nourish … the American mind should cease to replenish itself with the mighty wonders of Europe …— Van Wyck Brooks
c archaic : to supply fully : perfect … his hive had so long been replenished with honey …— William Wordsworth … the most replenished villain in the world …— William Shakespeare

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Other Words from replenish

replenishable \ ri-​ˈple-​ni-​shə-​bəl How to pronounce replenish (audio) \ adjective
replenisher noun
replenishment \ ri-​ˈple-​nish-​mənt How to pronounce replenish (audio) \ noun

Examples of replenish in a Sentence

An efficient staff of workers replenished the trays of appetizers almost as quickly as guests emptied them. He replenished his supply of wood in preparation for the winter. Drink this—you need to replenish your fluids after your hike. plants that replenish soil nutrients
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Recent Examples on the Web Some restaurants are pushing Congress to replenish the Restaurant Revitalization Fund, part of the American Rescue Plan, to provide grants for restaurants during the pandemic. Michelle Cheng, Quartz, 6 Oct. 2021 In June, a bipartisan group including U.S. Rep. Earl Blumenauer, D-Portland, introduced legislation to replenish the fund with $60 billion, enough to allow the Small Business Administration to finish processing all the applications in its queue. oregonlive, 21 July 2021 As expected, the bill spends $7.2 billion, or 44% of the money, to replenish the state’s unemployment insurance trust fund. Robert T. Garrett, Dallas News, 1 Oct. 2021 Virginia directed $862 million of American Rescue Plan funds to replenish its trust fund over the summer. Tami Luhby, CNN, 1 Oct. 2021 The Connecticut Restaurant Association, the National Restaurant Association and state restaurant associations across the U.S. sent a letter to congressional leaders Tuesday, asking them to replenish the Restaurant Revitalization Fund. From Usa Today Network And Wire Reports, USA TODAY, 26 Aug. 2021 The money, however, cannot be used to replenish a city’s rainy-day fund. al, 10 Aug. 2021 The group of restaurant owners wants Congress to replenish the $28.6 billion Restaurant Revitalization Fund. Christina Tkacik,, 22 July 2021 Two bills in Congress now seek to replenish the fund with an additional $60 billion, to help the other 278,304 struggling restaurants nationwide — 2,066 in Connecticut — who applied and got nothing from the fund. Susan Dunne,, 13 July 2021

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'replenish.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of replenish

14th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1a

History and Etymology for replenish

Middle English replenisshen, from Anglo-French repleniss-, stem of replenir to fill, from re- + plein full, from Latin plenus — more at full

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Time Traveler for replenish

Time Traveler

The first known use of replenish was in the 14th century

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Last Updated

17 Oct 2021

Cite this Entry

“Replenish.” Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, Accessed 20 Oct. 2021.

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More Definitions for replenish



English Language Learners Definition of replenish

: to fill or build up (something) again


re·​plen·​ish | \ ri-ˈple-nish How to pronounce replenish (audio) \
replenished; replenishing

Kids Definition of replenish

: to make full or complete once more We need to replenish our supplies.


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