reciprocal

adjective
re·​cip·​ro·​cal | \ ri-ˈsi-prə-kəl How to pronounce reciprocal (audio) \

Essential Meaning of reciprocal

used to describe a relationship in which two people or groups agree to do something similar for each other, to allow each other to have the same rights, etc. a reciprocal trade agreement between two countriesa reciprocal exchange of informationThe plan will only work if both sides fulfill their reciprocal [=mutual] obligations.

Full Definition of reciprocal

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1a : inversely related : opposite
b : of, constituting, or resulting from paired crosses in which the kind that supplies the male parent of the first cross supplies the female parent of the second cross and vice versa
2 : shared, felt, or shown by both sides
3 : serving to reciprocate : consisting of or functioning as a return in kind the reciprocal devastation of nuclear war
4a : mutually corresponding agreed to extend reciprocal privileges to each other's citizens
b : marked by or based on reciprocity reciprocal trade agreements

reciprocal

noun

Definition of reciprocal (Entry 2 of 2)

1 : something in a reciprocal relationship to another
2 : either of a pair of numbers (such as ²/₃ and ³/₂ or 9 and ¹/₉) whose product is one broadly : multiplicative inverse

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Other Words from reciprocal

Adjective

reciprocally \ ri-​ˈsi-​prə-​k(ə-​)lē How to pronounce reciprocal (audio) \ adverb

Synonyms & Antonyms for reciprocal

Synonyms: Adjective

Antonyms: Adjective

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Frequently Asked Questions About reciprocal

What is the difference between reciprocity and endorsement?

Each of these words has multiple meanings, some of which are similar, and others of which are not. Reciprocity may mean "a mutual exchange of privileges" and is often applied to things such as professional certification (neighboring states may have a reciprocal agreement so that certification a worker needs is applicable in each). Endorsement may mean "sanction, approval" or simply refer to "the act or process of endorsing."

Can reciprocity be mutual?

Reciprocal and mutual share a good deal of meaning; the former may be defined as "shared, felt, or shown by both sides," and the latter as "shared in common." Based on this semantic overlap some usage guides caution against using any form of the two words (mutually reciprocal, or mutual reciprocity) together, on the grounds that it is redundant.

Is reciprocity a noun or verb?

Reciprocity is a noun. The verb form of the word is reciprocate; the adjective is reciprocal, and the adverb is reciprocally.

Examples of reciprocal in a Sentence

Adjective the two nations agreed to give reciprocal work rights to each other's citizens, thus facilitating the daily border crossings of workers from both countries
Recent Examples on the Web: Adjective Of course, relationships being reciprocal, the big man is going out of his way to try and be what the Jazz need, as well. Eric Walden, The Salt Lake Tribune, 1 Oct. 2021 In order to have a mutually reciprocal, satisfying professional relationship that endures, both parties need to feel good about the structure of their agreements. Roberta Moore, Forbes, 3 Sep. 2021 When done skillfully, play is such an effective catalyst for seeing the best in one another, for creating opportunities to really lean in, get comfortable being seen, and to invite other people in — in a reciprocal and shared way. Ashoka, Forbes, 6 Oct. 2021 Travelers present a digital or paper-based bar code, and the EU and U.K. have granted reciprocal recognition. Emily Ashton, Bloomberg.com, 30 Sep. 2021 Rematriation is defined as encouraging local communities and other humans to cultivate native plants in a reciprocal manner in reverence with the natural environment through matrilineal teachings and values. The Salt Lake Tribune, 28 Sep. 2021 Research shows that sharing your thoughts and experiences with each other, called reciprocal self-disclosure, and responsiveness (asking follow-up questions and being engaged) promotes closeness. Washington Post, 27 Sep. 2021 The venture includes a code-sharing agreement that enables the carriers to book travelers on each other’s flights and offer reciprocal loyalty-program benefits. BostonGlobe.com, 21 Sep. 2021 Ports said a swifter solution than reciprocal deals would be to hire an outside collection agency to go after the toll dodgers. Elaine S. Povich, USA TODAY, 8 Sep. 2021 Recent Examples on the Web: Noun For now, one hint that TKV may have an edge is that the reciprocals of the series of angles produced by the model, unlike those in the older model, follow a nearly periodic progression. Quanta Magazine, 28 May 2019

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'reciprocal.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of reciprocal

Adjective

1570, in the meaning defined at sense 1a

Noun

1570, in the meaning defined at sense 1

History and Etymology for reciprocal

Adjective

Latin reciprocus returning the same way, alternating

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Time Traveler for reciprocal

Time Traveler

The first known use of reciprocal was in 1570

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Dictionary Entries Near reciprocal

recipient

reciprocal

reciprocal alphabet

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Statistics for reciprocal

Last Updated

26 Oct 2021

Cite this Entry

“Reciprocal.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/reciprocal. Accessed 28 Oct. 2021.

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More Definitions for reciprocal

reciprocal

noun
re·​cip·​ro·​cal | \ ri-ˈsi-prə-kəl How to pronounce reciprocal (audio) \

Kids Definition of reciprocal

: one of a pair of numbers (as 9 and ¹/₉, ²/₃ and ³/₂) whose product is one

reciprocal

adjective
re·​cip·​ro·​cal | \ ri-ˈsip-rə-kəl How to pronounce reciprocal (audio) \

Medical Definition of reciprocal

1 : inversely related
2 : of, constituting, or resulting from paired crosses in which the kind that supplies the male parent of the first cross supplies the female parent of the second cross and vice versa
3 : shared, felt, or shown by both sides

reciprocal

adjective
re·​cip·​ro·​cal | \ ri-ˈsi-prə-kəl How to pronounce reciprocal (audio) \

Legal Definition of reciprocal

b : bilateral a reciprocal contract
2 : characterized by correspondence or equivalence especially in return or response with another of the same category an … agreement permitting the reciprocal use of each other's landIngham v. Block, 351 S.W.3d 96 (2011) also : marked by such correspondence or equivalence between its own components a reciprocal arrangement
3 : marked by reciprocity between states

Other Words from reciprocal

reciprocally adverb

More from Merriam-Webster on reciprocal

Nglish: Translation of reciprocal for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of reciprocal for Arabic Speakers

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